New Brunswick

New Brunswick fishermen alarmed at 2nd closure over whale sighting

Fisheries and Oceans Canada announced Sunday that a second area off the coast of northern New Brunswick was being closed to fishing, this one for at least two weeks.

Federal surveillance flight spotted 2 right whales just north of area closed to fishing for the season

Steven Hughes said news of the latest closure has brought much stress to his fellow fishermen. (CBC)

Fishermen are alarmed over the closure of another fishing area in order to protect North Atlantic right whales, a move some say will have a drastic effect on the industry.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada announced Sunday that a second area off the coast of northern New Brunswick was being closed to fishing for at least two weeks.

"We're behind on our annual catches right now," said Steven Hughes, a deckhand on a snow crab fishing boat based out of Shippagan.

"This brought back the stress on the fishing industry."

The closure came after two endangered North Atlantic right whales were spotted in the Gulf of St. Lawrence over the weekend.

At least 18 North Atlantic right whales have been found dead in the last year.

An area of 14,000 square kilometres in the waters off northern New Brunswick has already been off limits to fishermen since the start of the season — and will be until June 30.

But Ottawa had warned that more temporary closures would be put in place once the whales started migrating north.

Necropsies on some of the whales last year showed entanglement in fishing gear. (Shane Fowler/CBC)

The latest closure spreads 3,000 square kilometres around the whale sighting, just north of the other closure.

'Spots are going to be fished out'

Hughes and the rest of the crew have been making the 10-hour trip to the Magdalen Islands this year in search of new fishing grounds. 

He said he worries the latest closures will intensify fishing efforts elsewhere.

"The people that were fishing in that area, they're probably going to come fishing in our area, and the spots are going to be fished out sooner than later," he said.

Hughes works as a deckhand on a snow crab fishing boat. (CBC)

Once that happens, Hughes said his crew will have to move even further — and into other fishermen's terrain.

"The month of June is coming up and it's going to be very disastrous, I think, for the end of the season."

June is coming up and it's going to be very disastrous.- Steven Hughes, deckhand

The crab season started three weeks ago in the Acadian Peninsula, and it's estimated that crab fishermen have caught less than half of their allowed quota for the season. That's something Hughes said comes as a result of the struggle to find new fishing grounds.

"There's only so much crab you can take out of a fishing area," said Hughes.

'We're not bringing in enough crab'

But Hughes said the real concern is for factory workers.

"We're not bringing in enough crab for the employees in the fish factories to fulfil their weeks."

Jean Lanteigne said he has been against the closure of entire areas to fishing. (CBC)

The general director of the Regional Acadian Federation of Professional Fishermen agrees.

"It was already difficult to catch the crab this season," Jean Lanteigne said.​ "Wherever they move, they're going to close some zones ... We may end up closing a vast territory of the place we'd normally catch crab."

This latest closure will affect the snow crab fishery, but also toad crab, rock crab, lobster, whelk, winter flounder and Atlantic halibut, the federal fisheries department said.

Martin said the crab fishing season, which ended in June, was a particularly difficult one. (CBC)

Fishermen have until Wednesday at 4 p.m. to remove their traps from the water.

The department said it is also investigating after learning some crab traps were discovered in the no-fishing zone this weekend.


Gabrielle Fahmy is a reporter based in Moncton. She's been a journalist with the CBC since 2014.

With files from Marie Isabelle Rochon, Radio-Canada