Quebec passes cannabis law that will raise legal age to 21

People in Quebec will need to wait until they are 21 to legally purchase cannabis under a new law passed by the Coalition Avenir Québec government.

Province also plans to ban sale of cannabis candies, desserts

People are seen lining up at a government-run cannabis store in Montreal. Under a new law passed Tuesday, people will need to be 21 to make a purchase. (Martin Ouellet-Diotte/AFP/Getty Images)

People in Quebec will need to wait until they are 21 to legally purchase cannabis under a new law passed by the Coalition Avenir Québec government.

When the age limit is raised from 18 to 21 on Jan. 1, 2020, it will become the highest in the country.

Elsewhere in Canada, cannabis is permitted at age 19, except in Alberta, where the legal age is 18.

Lionel Carmant, the province's junior health minister, said the goal is to send a "clear message" about the government's priorities.

"We really want to protect our teenagers, which are most vulnerable to cannabis," he said, adding that the increased age limit has the support of the majority of Quebecers.

Lionel Carmant is the province's junior health minister. (Sylvain Roy Roussel/CBC)

The idea of raising the age limit has come under criticism from some Quebec health professionals, industry groups and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.

When it was first proposed last year, Trudeau warned the cannabis rules would be a boon to organized crime and make teens turn "to the Hells Angels to buy it."

The legislation was approved Tuesday at the National Assembly. Members of the Coalition Avenir Québec all voted in favour of the law, while all opposition parties voted against.

Law creates '2 classes of adults,' says opposition

Some young Montrealers say the legislation is unfair — and discouraging. 

"It was nice to go to the store and feel safe," said Dawson College student Charlie Hession, who just turned 18. "I don't want to go back to my old ways of getting my product — on the street." 

Another Dawson student, Mia Jodorcovsky, says it doesn't make sense to keep the legal age of alcohol consumption at 18, and raise it for cannabis consumption.

"I think categorizing [cannabis] as something that's much more detrimental to you [than alcohol] is not fair, and it's not accurate, and it's sending a wrong message," Jodorcovsky said. 

Gabriel Nadeau-Dubois, spokesperson for the opposition Québec Solidaire, said the law was discriminatory against young people and not supported by science.

"The CAQ is creating two classes of adults," he said, pointing out that 18-year-olds can vote but won't be able to decide whether they want to purchase cannabis.

The province is also set to ban cannabis candies and desserts, including chocolate. They will become legal in the rest of the country in mid-December.

The legislation also includes greater restrictions around the public consumption of cannabis, though municipalities will have leeway to determine their own rules.

It originally included a ban on growing cannabis at home. That aspect of the law is being challenged in court.


  • A previous version of this story stated that the legislation passed Tuesday immediately banned cannabis edibles like chocolates and candies. While Quebec plans to ban those products, edibles are not covered in Bill 2.
    Oct 30, 2019 11:41 AM ET


Benjamin Shingler is a reporter with CBC's investigative unit in Montreal. He previously worked at The Canadian Press, Al Jazeera America and the New Brunswick Telegraph-Journal. Email story ideas to

With files from Cathy Senay, Claire Loewen and Antoni Nerestant


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