Manitoba·Analysis

Clamping down: Manitoba's top doc and the impending Winnipeg decision

Dr. Brent Roussin said, in the strongest language yet, that he's considering upgrading Winnipeg to orange. But he doesn't make decisions in a vacuum.

Some of the indicators that warrant a Winnipeg pandemic response upgrade are already here

Manitoba Premier Brian Pallister and Dr. Brent Roussin, Manitoba's chief public health officer, work together closely. (John Woods/The Canadian Press)

From a vantage point in Brandon, Dauphin or Neepawa, Winnipeggers may look like people in denial.

When COVID-19 cases spiked across southwestern Manitoba, the province elevated the entire Prairie Mountain health region to orange on the pandemic response system. 

Over the space of a weekend in August, people across the Westman region learned to put on masks in public places and not complain too much about it, notwithstanding a headline-grabbing temper tantrum in a Brandon Freshii franchise.

Stoic folks from Souris to Swan River abided by a directive to gather in groups no larger than 10 people, which is no fun whatsoever during a brief Manitoban summer.

These minor sacrifices paid dividends quickly and dramatically. In a matter of weeks, COVID-19 cases plummeted all along the upper Assiniboine River Valley, allowing Manitoba's chief public health officer to downgrade Prairie Mountain's pandemic risk rating.

Now, when people in Minnedosa or Melita look to the east at Winnipeg, they would be justified in wondering what the heck is going on in the supposedly more sophisticated provincial capital, where a number of pandemic indicators are proving problematic to public health officials.

(Jacques Marcoux/CBC)

For starters, COVID-19 cases in the Winnipeg health region have erupted so rapidly in recent weeks, the Manitoba capital now accounts for four in every five active cases of the disease in the province.

The five-day test-positivity rate in Winnipeg is now above the three-per-cent mark Dr. Brent Roussin once identified as an important threshold for deciding whether to bring back some pandemic restrictions.

And just like one month ago in Prairie Mountain, where people were flouting the recommendation against large gatherings, Winnipeg is now home to well-documented cases of poor pandemic etiquette involving symptomatic bar-hopping young adults.

Things are getting bad enough that Dr. Roussin is recommending Winnipeggers not gather for any reason, let alone Thanksgiving.

"When we see the trajectory that we're seeing, especially in Winnipeg, this is really a time when people shouldn't be planning large family gatherings — or any type of gatherings," Roussin said during a pandemic briefing on Thursday.

To that end, he said in the strongest language yet that he's considering upgrading Winnipeg to orange.

"We definitely are contemplating an approach in Winnipeg," he said, suggesting he hasn't decided to flip the switch just yet in case some antisocial elements within the city suddenly start caring about other people.

"I don't like to use the term 'inevitable.' I mean, the trend here has been going up for quite some time. If we look at it, it's unlikely to reverse unless Manitobans step up, which we know they have. So we're sending out that messaging now."

Roussin seems to be a few exasperated days away from requiring Winnipeggers to wear masks in public, gather in smaller groups and maybe even stop kibbitzing in clubs.

The health district map is based on the home addresses of COVID-19 patients. (Jacques Marcoux/CBC)

It's not just western Manitobans who are wondering why he hasn't done it already. Winnipeggers may wonder as well, to the point where Roussin's ability to make decisions independent of his political colleagues has become a subject of inquiry when Premier Brian Pallister is in the room.

When that happens, Pallister pours cold water on the idea he provides Roussin with marching orders — but also makes clear the politicians and public health experts try to develop something of a consensus behind closed doors.

"Dr. Roussin and I obviously talk regularly, as he does a call regularly with our cabinet and senior officials and we report mutually to one another," Pallister said Thursday. 

"I can just say to you that we freely raise issues here, but we understand that ultimately the recommendations have to be formalized on the basis of public policy. The experts on health policy are the people that should be giving that advice."

In other words, it's just as naive to suggest the premier and PC cabinet ministers exert no influence over Roussin as it would be to suggest that they tell him what colour ties to wear to public-health briefings.

The creation of public policy is more like making sausage than baking cakes. Not all of the ingredients are tasty at the outset.

Roussin's pragmatism appears to have inspired fierce loyalty on Pallister's part. 

"There's lots of Monday-morning quarterbacking, where you know better than the people on the field," Pallister said on Thursday, comparing Roussin to a football coach.

"When you're on a win streak, nobody questions the coach. They only start doing that when they figure that times are stressful and they show their stress. Sometimes these couch-potato types, they criticize the coach after two losses in a row."

To take the analogy one step further, Winnipeg is in the midst of a losing streak. The premier should not be surprised when the fans scream loudly for Coach Roussin to pull something more dramatic out of his pandemic response playbook.

Corrections

  • We initially reported that Winnipeg accounts for one in every nine active cases. In fact, the capital accounts for four in every five active cases in the province.
    Sep 25, 2020 7:12 AM CT

About the Author

Bartley Kives

Reporter, CBC Manitoba

Reporter Bartley Kives joined CBC Manitoba in 2016. Prior to that, he spent three years at the Winnipeg Sun and 18 at the Winnipeg Free Press, writing about politics, music, food and outdoor recreation. He's the author of the Canadian bestseller A Daytripper's Guide to Manitoba: Exploring Canada's Undiscovered Province and co-author of both Stuck in the Middle: Dissenting Views of Winnipeg and Stuck In The Middle 2: Defining Views of Manitoba. His work has also appeared in publications such as the Guardian and Explore magazine.

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