Frostbitten refugee will lose fingers, toe after 7-hour trek to cross U.S.-Canada border

A Ghanaian refugee who almost died while trying to cross the U.S.-Canada border into Manitoba on Christmas Eve will lose his fingers, a toe and possibly his arms.

Ghanaian refugee and friend became lost while crossing into Manitoba on Dec. 24

Seidu Mohammed, 24, and another man fled to Canada from the U.S. on Christmas Eve. (Austin Grabish/CBC)

A Ghanaian refugee who almost died during a trek to cross the U.S.-Canada border into Manitoba on Christmas Eve will lose all of his fingers, a toe and possibly his arms.

"It's very bad news," Seidu Mohammed, 24, told CBC News in an interview at a Winnipeg hospital where he is being treated for severe frostbite. "I don't know what to do right now."

Mohammed said he fled Ghana for the United States in 2015 because he feared for his life due to his sexual orientation, but when he arrived in San Diego, he was detained for a year. 

He applied for asylum after his visa ran out but a judge denied his request.

"I run for my life," Mohammed said.

'Nobody stopped'

He and another Ghanaian man, who he met in Minneapolis, decided to flee to Canada. The two of them took a bus to Grand Forks, N.D., then flagged a cab and spent $400 for a ride to a spot near the U.S.-Canada border on Dec. 24.

"There is a big farm around the border and we passed through," said Mohammed. "It was very difficult because when we stepped in that farm, the snow was [at] our waists."

If not for [a truck driver], we would have died in that snow.- Seidu Mohammed, refugee

For at least seven hours, the two trudged through snowy fields with the temperature hovering around the –18 C mark, without the wind chill factored in.

They finally came upon Highway 75, near the Emerson, Man., border crossing. 

The two men tried for hours to flag down trucks passing them by on the highway. A truck driver finally stopped and called 911 to get medical help for the men who were disoriented and cold. It is unclear how they managed to cross the border without being stopped.

They've both been in hospital since the trucker got them help, recovering in a specialized burn ward of Winnipeg's Health Sciences Centre.

"If not for him, we would have died in that snow," said Mohammed. "Nobody stopped till this Good Samaritan, God sent [this] man.… We were about to give up."

Mohammed said he is grateful to a trucker who stopped and called 911. (Austin Grabish/CBC)

On Monday, Mohammed and his friend met the Good Samaritan for the first time since the morning of Christmas Eve.

"He was crying. We all started crying because he saved our lives," Mohammed said.

Law means refugees must risk lives: lawyer 

Mohammed is one of hundreds of refugees this year that have crossed the Canada-U.S. border into Manitoba between ports of entry.

According to the Canada Border Services Agency figures, there's been a fivefold increase in the number of refugee claimants crossing between ports of entry in the past three years.

The Canada-U.S. Safe Third Country Agreement requires refugees to seek asylum in the first country they arrive, with a few exceptions.

Some advocates say the agreement is the reason refugees sometimes put their lives at risk sneaking into countries like Canada.

"If the Safe Third Country Agreement would be scrapped, then these people would not be risking their lives through the prairie open field," said Bashir Khan, a Winnipeg immigration and refugee lawyer who has taken on the Ghanaian refugees' case. 

"They'd be able to present themselves right at the border," he said.

Journey 'worth it'

Mohammed has filed an application for refugee status. Refugee claims are typically heard by the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada within two months. 

He is hopeful he'll be able to stay and work in Canada and is grateful for all the help he's received from various groups, including the local Ghanaian community.

Seidu Mohammed will have all of his fingers amputated. (Austin Grabish/CBC)

"I want to say thank you to all of you who show caring."

Even though he was especially saddened by news from his doctors that he will lose a toe since he's an avid soccer player, Mohammed said it's a price he's willing to pay for freedom and a better life.

"The journey was worth it. I'm happy I'm here. To go back, I lose my life," he said.

Seidu Mohammed describes being lost in the frigid cold

7 years ago
Duration 2:32
A refugee from Ghana who almost died walking to Canada on Christmas Eve will lose his fingers and a toe.

Read full coverage of refugees crossing the U.S. border into Manitoba


​Austin Grabish is a reporter for CBC News in Winnipeg. Since joining CBC in 2016, he's covered several major stories. Some of his career highlights have been documenting the plight of asylum seekers leaving America in the dead of winter for Canada and the 2019 manhunt for two teenage murder suspects. In 2021, he won an RTDNA Canada award for his investigative reporting on the Canadian Museum for Human Rights, which triggered change. Have a story idea? Email:

with files from Karen Pauls