More cannabis stores popping up in Manitoba, but market not saturated yet, retailers say

Dozens of cannabis stores are sprouting up in Manitoba, after the province opened the retail market last June to anyone who is interested. But the co-founder of one cannabis retailer thinks aggressive expansion could continue for months before stores look to consolidate.

Months of 'aggressive expansion' still possible before stores start consolidating, says Delta 9 co-founder

From left: Peter Slupski, Joel Lafond and Gabriel Fortin-Barbier and co-owners of Atomic Flower. They've worked for a number of years to get their own cannabis store off the ground. ( Jaison Empson/CBC)

Dozens of cannabis stores are sprouting up in Manitoba, after the province opened the retail market last June to anyone who is interested.

Manitoba's cannabis regulator has approved 23 stores under its new open market licensing system, with 33 more retailers waiting for approval.

That's a big spike from the 33 stores licensed between the legalization of recreational cannabis in October 2018 and May 2020. 

During that period, the province capped the number of licences it awarded for cannabis retail. As of June, it opened the market up.

"I think there's probably at least another six to 12 months of aggressive expansion for the market before we start to see an environment similar to Alberta," Delta 9 CEO John Arbuthnot said.

That province, which now has roughly 550 cannabis stores, "expanded incredibly quickly in the wake of legalization to a point where stores in that market are now actually starting to close."

Manitoba isn't approaching that level of market saturation yet, Arbuthnot said. In the meantime, larger entities such as Delta 9, which runs six of Manitoba's 56 licensed cannabis stores, are now jostling with new entrepreneurs bullish on the industry.

Buddies running small shop

Atomic Flower, a new retailer in Winnipeg's Old St. Vital area, made its first sales on Sunday.

"The first customer that none of us knew, we almost had a little dance after he left," co-owner Gabriel Fortin-Barbier said.

Atomic Flower, which has been in the making since 2017, was started by three buddies who knew about cannabis, and are now co-owners in a burgeoning industry.

But they were initially left out — first in 2018, when the government settled on the initial four retailers allowed to handle cannabis retail, and then in the province's second phase of cannabis retail, where rural communities were hand-picked and prospective retailers chosen by lottery.

Atomic Flower's Fortin-Barbier rings through a new customer at the company's storefront on St. Mary's Road in Winnipeg. (Ian Froese/CBC)

"It's been a long time coming," said co-owner Joel Lafond, who said the team persevered to get the store's doors open.

The owners say they can set Atomic Flower apart from the competition. As a bilingual retailer, they greet every customer through the door in English and French. They're also stocking up on craft brands not found elsewhere.

The cannabis sector is the "modern-day gold rush," says co-owner Peter Slupski, who first suggested the pals go into business together.

"We're definitely thinking about expansion right away. I mean, there's nothing really stopping us from it."

Delta 9, a producer and retailer of cannabis, is planning to open three more Winnipeg stores — in the northern and western areas — in the first quarter of 2021, adding to the four it already operates in the city. Arbuthnot is planning as many as seven new stores provincewide this year.

The company's analysis suggests Manitoba can accommodate 90 to 120 cannabis stores. 

"There are still some question marks as to the overall market size, but I would say there's still room for more retailers," Arbuthnot said.

Delta 9 CEO John Arbuthnot predicts aggressive expansion in Manitoba's cannabis market will continue throughout 2021. (Ian Froese/CBC)

Alberta, which implemented an open market at the onset of legalization, is an indication of where Manitoba's expansion market could go, he says.

"From there, in order for companies to really maintain profitability, often consolidation is key."

Late last year, Alberta lifted the cap on the retail licences a single owner can holds. Manitoba limits owners to 15 per cent of the market, but Arbuthnot suggests that may eventually change to allow market forces to act. 

For now, George Smitherman, president and CEO of the Cannabis Council of Canada, said Manitoba's gradual approach of relegating private ownership before opening the market is held in high regard nationwide.

"I think it's important to keep in mind that if we want to eliminate the illicit market, we have to provide clients with good, reasonable access, good quality and reasonable pricing," he said.

Candice Bellmore opened Cottage Country Cannabis in Lac du Bonnet with her husband, Michael Gibson. She said business is going well, but they expect it to pick up more come cottage season. (Submitted by Candice Bellmore)

Outside Winnipeg, Opaskwayak Cree Nation has made a big impact in the cannabis sector, with its multimillion-dollar stake in National Access Cannabis, one of Canada's largest cannabis retailers.

Some new players in the field are trying to reach Manitobans wherever they may be, whether that's at the lake or getting groceries.

Candice Bellmore and Michael Gibson were approached by a firm in Calgary, which participated in Manitoba's rural licence lottery, about operating a cannabis store in the eastern Manitoba town of Lac du Bonnet. They took up the offer and transformed their tattoo and head shop into Cottage Country Cannabis.

Bellmore expects business at their store to pick up once more seasonal cottagers arrive in the Lac du Bonnet area.

"I think we've been really, really well received in the community," she said. "We haven't had any blowback."

Jay Chun said his family has unexpectedly become cannabis retailers at St. Jean Grocery. He said they're quickly learning about the products and the industry. (Submitted by Jay Chun)

In St. Jean Baptiste, a family that didn't even apply for a cannabis licence will be selling the product in the small community, 70 kilometres south of Winnipeg.

Jonathan Chun purchased the St. Jean Grocery, but it was the previous owners, not him, who decided to apply for a cannabis licence, said Jay Chun, his son and a store employee.

"I never even tried" cannabis, Jay said, chuckling, "and then my parents never tried. When we try to order things or when we try to do a report, we have to learn all those things.

"We didn't know [about the industry], but we are learning."

More cannabis stores popping up in Manitoba

1 year ago
Duration 2:08
Dozens of cannabis stores are sprouting up in Manitoba, after the province opened the retail market last June to anyone who is interested.


Ian Froese

Provincial Affairs Reporter

Ian Froese covers provincial politics and its impact for CBC Manitoba. He previously reported on a bit of everything for newspapers. You can reach him at


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