Number of voters who cast Ontario municipal election ballots is down. Here's why that matters

Across many parts of Ontario — including Waterloo region, Guelph and Stratford — fewer eligible voters cast their ballots in the 2022 municipal election compared to previous years. If the trend continues, it could become "a problem for democracy," says one political science expert.

Voter turnouts need to reflect 'broad swath of experiences' of community members, associate prof says

In many Ontario municipalities, voter turnout dropped compared to 2018. And the decline in the number of people exercising their voting rights at the community level has stirred concerns. (Joe Pavia/CBC)

Dorothy McCabe was pretty excited to win the mayoral race in Waterloo on Monday night.

She wasn't, however, happy to see that just 27 per cent of people in the southern Ontario city went to the polls, according to Waterloo region figures.

McCabe, who will replace Dave Jaworsky as mayor, said it was "troubling" as a candidate to see a drop in voter turnout — it was at 34.22 per cent of eligible voters in 2018 — especially because municipal politics play such a big role in what we use every day, from roads, to water and sewage and neighbourhood parks.

"That's obviously really problematic," McCabe said in an interview with CBC Kitchener-Waterloo's The Morning Edition on Tuesday morning.

"I have some potential ideas about what we can do about that, but there's some long-term fixes I think that we need to take a look at to get people" to vote.

McCabe said it's concerning people didn't take the time to vote for people who will make key decisions about their communities.

"We're going to have to do something, see if there's a way to change that because voting matters."

Portrait of woman
Dorothy McCabe was elected the next mayor of Waterloo, Ont., in Monday's municipal election, but was disappointed fewer than 30 per cent of eligible voters in the city had cast ballots. (Erin Watt, Erin Watt Photography)

If you didn't vote in 2022, you're far from alone. The turnout was down across many Ontario municipalities.

According to early numbers from the Association of Municipalities of Ontario, there was a 36 per cent turnout across 301 of 444 municipalities that held local elections. The preliminary figures suggested that percentage might be lower than the in 2018 election.

Robert Williams, a political science professor emeritus at the University of Waterloo, said the low voter turnout was his biggest surprise of the night, and "a concern."

"I had thought there was a greater attention to some of the matters coming before some of the councils and school boards that would drive some turnout. Apparently that hasn't happened,"  he said in an interview with CBC K-W.

LISTEN | Low voter turnout biggest surprise of the night for this Waterloo region political watcher:

Robert Williams, political science professor emeritus from the University of Waterloo, takes a look at the races in Waterloo region and offers the highlights and surprises from the night.

Low voter turnouts across southern Ontario

Breaking down the municipalities' numbers further, here's how things looked in Waterloo region, compared to four years ago, according to numbers from city and township clerks through the municipal websites:

  • Kitchener: 20.26 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 28.22 per cent.
  • Waterloo: 27.18 per cent of eligible voters made their mark, down from 34.22 per cent.
  • Cambridge: 28.87 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 33.04 per cent.
  • Wellesley Township: 24.15 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 32.8 per cent.
  • North Dumfries Township: 18.52 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 37.6 per cent. 

But two lower-tier municipalities in Waterloo region actually saw increased voter turnout, compared to 2018:

  • Woolwich Township saw 34.7 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot for Monday's election, up from 31.3 per cent.
  • Wilmot Township said 40.35 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, up from 37.8 per cent.

Wilmot's clerk, Arthur Flach, said in a release that the majority of ballots — 67 per cent — were cast online and by phone. Flach said the turnout was "higher than usual" and surpassed the three previous municipal elections.

Some of the other municipalities reporting a drop in voter numbers compared to four years ago include:

  • Guelph: 27.84 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 37.16 per cent.
  • Stratford: 43.9 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 49.7 per cent.
  • London: 25.5 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down significantly from 39.4 per cent.
  • Hamilton: 35.4 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 38.36 per cent.
  • Windsor: 31.57 per cent of eligible voters cast a ballot, down from 35 per cent.
  • Toronto: 29 per cent of eligible voters turned out, a big drop from 41 per cent.

'Disappointed but not surprised'

Leah Levac, an associate professor of political science at the University of Guelph, said declining voter turnout from election to election is a troublesome trend.

"When I started looking at the numbers early this morning, I was, let me say, maybe disappointed but not surprised," she said.

Levac said voting is an important part of the democratic process, but not everyone exercises that right.

She said it's insufficient to say people are just apathetic and don't care. Some people may just be satisfied with the status quo and don't believe it will change in an election, especially if there's an incumbent in the race.

"Maybe the status quo is absolutely one of the reasons and potentially even more prevalent ... because the incumbency advantage is quite strong. People who have previously been elected or were already serving have a strong advantage to be re-elected, and so if you are happy with your current elected officials, you might be satisfied knowing that they're likely to get elected again," she said.

"Conversely, even if you're unsatisfied with your current elected officials, you might be discouraged from voting because you know that they're likely to get elected again anyway."

Leah Levac, an associate professor of political science at the University of Guelph, says it's important for people of different ages and backgrounds to vote because they help choose candidates who reflect their own experiences and interests.

Levac said more needs to be done to get younger people and people from diverse backgrounds to polling stations, as research has also shown people who tend to vote are often older, wealthier, educated and homeowners.

"When you combine that fairly narrow swath of the population with a decreasing overall rate of voting, what you get is an outsized influence for a smaller segment of the population," Levac said.

"That's a problem because that does not represent the broad range of interests and experiences of residents in a municipality, and so I think it's really important that voter turnout reflects that broad swath of experiences," she added.

"If voting rates continue to decrease, then I think the focus or the priorities of whoever is the consistent voting public becomes narrower and narrower, which is a problem for democracy, but it's also a problem for the smooth functioning of a diverse society."


Kate Bueckert


Kate has been covering issues in southern Ontario for more than 15 years. She currently works for CBC Kitchener-Waterloo. Email: