Polyamorous families face stigma in pregnancy care, researchers say
Statistics suggest that non-monogamous relationships may be on the rise in Canada
Polyamorous families face stigma during pregnancy and birth because of attitudes and policies in health care that are built around monogamy, researchers at McMaster University in Hamilton say.
The Canadian Medical Association Journal published a study Tuesday based on interviews with 24 polyamorous Canadians — 11 who had given birth in the previous five years and 13 partners — recruited through ads posted on social media groups.
The researchers with McMaster University's midwifery program say their inquiry was motivated in part by some team members' personal involvement in the polyamory community and a shared interest in inclusive health care.
"There's a lot of people that are engaging in polyamory and a lot of them are having children, contrary to popular belief, and their experience is very similar to monogamous families in a lot of ways," said Arseneau.
"In other ways, it's enhanced by the fact that they have multiple relationships and multiple support people in their lives."
Statistics are hard to come by
While there's no universally accepted definition, polyamory is typically characterized by engaging in multiple intimate relationships with the consent of all parties involved.
Statistics on the prevalence of polyamory are hard to come by, but there are numbers to suggest that non-monogamous relationships may be on the rise in Canada.
In 2016, the executive director of the Calgary-based Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family used social media to ask polyamorous Canadians to take part in an online survey. Of the 500 people who responded, more than 40 per cent said there were children living in their homes full- or part-time.
It appears the law is slowly catching up to this evolution of Canadian families. Last year, a court in Newfoundland and Labrador recognized three unmarried adults as the legal parents of a child born within their "polyamorous" family.
Arseneau and Landry say their study — dubbed the "Polybabes" project — is unique in that it investigates what it's like for polyamorous parents to navigate the health-care system.
They found that while participants expressed that having multiple partners provided more support during the childbearing process, these relationships often went unacknowledged by the health-care system.
Due to fears of discrimination, many participants opted not to disclose their polyamorous status unless it was medically relevant, said Landry.
Those who revealed they were polyamorous encountered an assortment of interpersonal and administrative challenges.
Health care challenges
For example, some health-care providers would refer to a third partner as an "uncle" or "aunt" rather than their preferred title as a parent, said Landry.
Arseneau noted that intake forms often only provide spaces for two parents, which can restrict a partner's access to the delivery room and involvement in medical decisions.
She said some barriers could be as small as the fact that identification bracelets linking a child to their parents come in sets of threes. As one participant told researchers: "It's become this huge ordeal about who is getting bracelets. It's like 'The Bachelor,' I think. Who gets a rose?"
Arseneau said these slights can add up to put a damper on what should be a joyous occasion — the addition of a new family member.
She said she hopes the study helps health-care providers educate themselves about polyamory so they can acknowledge and accommodate the full spectrum of family structures.
"If you're creating a respectful, inclusive and accessible space for conversations to take place, whether it's about health care or social ideas, then that allows more room for difference and acceptance," said Landry.