'First guys out': Western Canadian air tanker fleet busy despite drop in wildfires
There have been about 700 wildfires in Alberta this year
A family-run company providing air-tanker support to control menacing wildfires in British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba and Yukon is a little less busy these days, but it has nothing to do with the COVID-19 pandemic.
"It has been really quiet on the fire front in both Alberta and B.C. the past two or three years. You get areas of intense activity and then a lot of tedium waiting for things to happen," says Paul Lane, vice-president and chief operating officer of Airspray Airtankers, which has a maintenance hangar at the airport in Red Deer, Alta.
There have been about 700 wildfires in Alberta this year with 32 square kilometres lost compared with the five-year average of 1,300 fires and 4,100 square kilometres burned.
In B.C. there have been about 650 fires with 154 square kilometres lost compared with to the average of 1,758 blazes and 3,690 square kilometres of forest burned.
Airspray has contracts with governments and is on call each fire season.
The backbone of its western Canadian fleet is the Lockheed Electra, a four turboprop-engine plane, about the size of a 737, It's equipped with a 12,000-litre belly tank that drops a mud slurry fire retardant from about 45 metres above the ground.
"It allows the ground crews to go in and work safely in terms of extinguishing the fire. It creates essentially a firebreak and we can drop anywhere from a twelfth of a load to a full salvo," says Lane.
"Typically these are the first guys out, particularly in Western Canada."
The fleet also includes 10 smaller Bird Dog aircraft, which carry command-and-control air-attack officers, who oversee how a fire is fought, including management of ground crews and helicopters dropping water.
Lane says the business that has been in operation for nearly 50 years. It has 54 aircraft with 35 based in Canada. The U.S. operation is located in Chico, Calif.
"We are running skimmer aircraft in Washington and Oregon and so those aircraft were quite busy particularly toward the end of the season."
A summer afire
Raging fires in both states, as well as in California, have burned millions of hectares, caused deaths and destroyed hundreds of structures in the U.S. west coast's worst fire season in 70 years.
The winter months involve full maintenance on the air fleet.
What you don't want is any complacency in the cockpit.-Paul Lane
Lane says the 60 pilots working for Airspray have at least 8,000 hours experience before being hired. They are recalled at the end of February for retraining before the fire season gets underway.
"Many of our pilots have been with us for many years and so they work for us in the summer and many of them did work for the airlines or did other types of flying in the winter.
"What you don't want is any complacency in the cockpit, particularly when you're flying that close to the ground."
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Lane believes wildfires have become more dangerous in recent years because people are living closer to where fires start.
"If you look at the canyons in California, they're more and more becoming populated with extremely large houses and infrastructure," he says.
"Even in Alberta, even in B.C., you'll see much more pipeline infrastructure, much more infrastructure around cellphone towers, much more infrastructure with pipelines.
"Those elements give a greater need of defensible infrastructure."
Want to learn more about North America's wildfire fight? Listen to of the World on Fire series, a five-part podcast that takes us to the front lines of out-of-control wildfires in Canada, Australia and California. Recorded during the COVID-19 pandemic, each episode examines what it takes to find hope in the midst of fear and destruction. Wildfires cost us our health, our homes and our communities, yet people everywhere rebuild and not just survive — but thrive.