Longtime soldier says military pushed him out due to his mental illness
Colin Evans admits to excessive drinking, but says it was caused by severe depression
The Canadian military has discharged a soldier suffering from severe depression without a medical release, which means he is not eligible for long-term disability support, re-education, retraining or other benefits.
"After all my hard work that I have given to this country, it very much feels like I'm being thrown out as an embarrassment," says Colin Evans, who is originally from Saskatchewan. "It's heartbreaking."
The former captain who served in the Armed Forces for almost 17 years attempted suicide twice and has been diagnosed as having major depressive disorder.
Last week, the military released him, citing numerous alcohol-related incidents.
Evans says he abused alcohol because he's suffering from mental illness and wants the military to do a better job of recognizing the toll a soldier's job can take on their health.
Wants a 'medical release'
He has filed a grievance with the military, a final attempt to have his mental illness fully recognized and get a medical release.
"The army has to acknowledge that there are people suffering from mental illness out there," he says.
Go Public asked the Canadian Armed Forces for an interview, but a spokesperson declined our request.
We also requested an interview with the head of the Department of National Defence, cabinet minister Harjit Sajjan.
Evans pleaded his case to Sajjan in a letter two months ago.
No one from Sajjan's office responded to our emails, so CBC caught up with the minister at a press conference.
"Regrettably it's the first time I heard of this case," said Sajjan. "So I really can't comment on that."
He said the wellness of Canadian troops is a priority, "but there's clearly some work that needs to be done to make sure we address the needs of all our members."
Later, one of Sajjan's aides said he couldn't comment due to privacy reasons.
During his time with the military, Evans was involved in numerous drinking incidents, including drinking while driving and assaulting his common-law spouse.
"Drinking was a poor strategy to survive," he says. "I'm not proud of my past."
He says working for the military was extremely stressful, particularly the six months he spent in Afghanistan in 2011.
"It was complete denial of reality," says Evans. "I mean, indirect fire coming in, you just say to yourself, 'No, we're good. We're OK.'
"You can't show weakness. You gotta be strong all the time."
When he returned from Afghanistan, he says, his depression was worse. He couldn't sleep, he felt "worthless, helpless, hopeless, like life is not worth living."
Diagnosed with mental illness
Dr. Curtis Woods, a psychiatrist with Alberta Health Services, diagnosed Evans as having major depressive disorder and alcohol use disorder.
"What Colin has experienced is psychological stress that's been cumulative over time," says Woods.
But Woods says the military doesn't understand mental illness very well.
"It is complex, and it doesn't fall into a black box or a white box."
Woods wants the military to give his patient a medical release to ensure he doesn't begin drinking again, or possibly harm himself.
"I believe that the medical benefits he's excluded from receiving are actually essential for his further rehabilitation and reintegration," Woods says.
In what's called an administrative review, the military said giving the soldier a medical release would be "problematic, because it would involve disregarding the member's misconduct."
Evans was released under a provision called "not advantageously employable," after it was ruled he was aware of right and wrong during his misconduct.
Calls for compassion, not discipline
"It's not a matter, 'Oh, he knew he shouldn't drink,'" says Michael Blais, president of Canadian Veterans Advocacy, an organization that lobbies on behalf of military veterans.
"What is required is compassion ... not discipline," Blais says.
"I think that the military often looks for an excuse to release men and women who have sustained mental wounds," says Blais. "This is a common situation for many veterans."
Blais points to a 2014 survey by Statistics Canada that found one in six full-time members of the Canadian Armed Forces had recently experienced mental health or alcohol-related disorders.
Mental health issues prevalent in military
The survey of about 6,700 regular force members and 1,500 reservists suggested that depression was the most common mental health issue experienced.
It also found that one-third of Canada's soldiers worried that seeking help for mental health issues would harm their career.
Blais says that stigma is slowly fading, but the military needs to do more to support soldiers with mental illness.
"Because we broke 'em. They didn't break, we broke them. We put them into an environment where it was traumatic for them, they sustained a mental wound, and as a consequence, we are responsible," he says.
Liberals have promised more support
In the federal government's recent budget, the Liberals promised increased compensation for Canada's most injured veterans — $5.6 billion over six years to cover costs for veterans currently in the system.
[Soldiers with mental illness] didn't break, we broke them ... we are responsible.- Michael Blais, president of Canadian Veterans Advocacy
The move was seen as an attempt to improve relations with Canada's military members, who had a strained relationship with the previous Conservative government.
The new money, though, will be allocated to veterans with severe physical disabilities, not for soldiers with mental illness like Evans.
No longer an active member of the military, Evans has returned his uniform and other military belongings, and will soon move from Edmonton back to Saskatoon.
"I gave a lot to this country," says Evans. "And I didn't ask for very much in return."
Submit your story ideas
Go Public is an investigative news segment on CBC-TV, radio and the web.
We tell your stories and hold the powers that be accountable.
We want to hear from people across the country with stories they want to make public.
Submit your story ideas at Go Public.
Follow @CBCGoPublic on Twitter.
With files from Enza Uda