Edmonton·CBC Investigates

Notley calls for Calgary UCP MLA Peter Singh to be removed from caucus until RCMP probe completed

Opposition leader Rachel Notley is calling on the United Conservative Party to remove Calgary East MLA Peter Singh from caucus until a criminal investigation by the RCMP involving alleged voter fraud is completed.

NDP leader also calls for outside prosecutor and an investigation by ethics commissioner

Hours after voting began in the UCP leadership race in October 2017, Doug Schweitzer — now Alberta’s justice minister — requested the party suspend polling, citing concerns about voter fraud. (Michelle Bellefontaine/CBC)

Opposition leader Rachel Notley is calling on the United Conservative Party to remove Calgary East MLA Peter Singh from caucus until a criminal investigation by the RCMP involving alleged voter fraud is completed.

During the election, the RCMP executed a search warrant on Singh's business and seized a computer. Singh's lawyer later confirmed the search warrant and seizure were related to voter misconduct but maintained his client had done nothing wrong.

Singh and the other newly-elected UCP members are to be sworn in on May 7.

Responding to a reporter's question at a news conference Wednesday, which referenced the removal from caucus of Tory MLA Peter Sandhu during an ethics investigation, Notley said Singh should not be allowed to sit as a caucus member.

"There is a strong precedent in the Alberta legislature that when an MLA is being investigated for serious misconduct that they are asked to leave the caucus," she said, adding that during the election UCP Leader Jason Kenney refused a request by the NDP to revoke Singh's candidacy.

Now that Singh is set to become a Member of the Legislature, Notley said, "it is not appropriate to have someone sitting in that legislature who is under criminal investigation. It's really that simple."

 In an emailed statement late Thursday afternoon, UCP press secretary Christine Myatt said Singh will not be removed from caucus.

"Mr. Singh was elected with a strong mandate from his constituents and has not been charged with a crime," the statement said.

New justice minister

The RCMP investigation is an issue awaiting Alberta's newly-appointed Justice Minister Doug Schweitzer as he begins his tenure as the province's top legal official

Just hours after the United Conservative Party leadership voting process began in late October 2017, Schweitzer and fellow candidate Brian Jean unsuccessfully tried to have the vote suspended over concerns about voter fraud.

Now, as the province's justice minister and solicitor general, Schweitzer is responsible for ensuring an independent RCMP investigation and potential criminal prosecution of voter-fraud allegations made by other former party members, some evidence of which already has been uncovered by CBC News and other media outlets.

Schweitzer is also responsible for the independence of another RCMP investigation into alleged illegal political donations to the UCP leadership campaign of Jeff Callaway.

Documents obtained by CBC News show Callaway ran for the sole purpose of targeting Brian Jean on behalf of the Kenney campaign. Kenney eventually won the leadership, was sworn in this week as premier and is now Schweitzer's boss.

Notley released two letters at the news conference in which she separately called on Justice Deputy Minister Philip Bryden to appoint an outside prosecutor and for Ethics Commissioner Marguerite Trussler to consider whether Premier Kenney and Schweitzer breached several sections of the Conflict of Interest Act.

"Frankly we think that the most important thing to do here is to get a special prosecutor into place," Notley told reporters. "The longer that we are in a position where we have people investigating their bosses, the more jeopardy we put public faith in our justice system.

"This is an unprecedented situation. I noted that during the election campaign. And now of course that Mr. Kenney and Mr. Schweitzer in particular have been sworn in, we are in a position that needs to be  addressed on an urgent basis."

Democratic governance expert Duff Conacher said Schweitzer clearly cannot have any involvement with either of the RCMP files, but most particularly the investigation into alleged voter fraud.

"Schweitzer has a confirmed bias because he expressed concern about (alleged voter fraud)," said Conacher, co-founder of Ottawa-based Democracy Watch who is also an adjunct Professor of Law and Politics at the University of Ottawa.

"And so that would taint any decision that he might make, or anyone that he might choose to look into it."

A spokesperson for the newly elected United Conservative government told CBC News on Wednesday that no one in cabinet, including Schweitzer, would be participating in media interviews until they are fully briefed on their portfolios. 

Independent prosecutor needed, expert says

The RCMP won't comment on specific cases. But in an emailed statement, a spokesperson said officers have access to legal counsel through the federal Department of Justice. They can also receive specialized advice from lawyers seconded for a specific case.

"Our investigators may consult with in-house legal services or with the Crown prosecutors of an appropriate jurisdiction at any point during their work," RCMP spokesperson Const. Michael Hibbs said. "Depending on the nature of the offences, the query would be routed accordingly, to either a federal or a provincial Crown."

Conacher said the new government, to avoid even the appearance of bias, should work with opposition parties to establish an independent process for choosing a Crown prosecutor, ideally one from outside the province. He said in-house Crown prosecutors could not be expected to provide impartial legal advice since they work for the government.

The new UCP government, led by Premier Jason Kenney, won't say how it will ensure an independent investigation. (Nathan Gross/CBC)

"It is very important in these kind of cases that the voters believe that justice has not only been done, but has been seen to be done through the whole process," Conacher said, adding that means selecting a "fully independent prosecutor who makes independent decisions with no fear of retaliation from the ruling party or the government."

CBC News asked the new UCP government if it was prepared to appoint an outside prosecutor or external counsel to ensure the investigation, and any potential prosecution, would be completely independent.

UCP press secretary Christine Myatt did not directly respond to the question. Instead, she issued a written statement that simply said the government does not interfere in independent police investigations.

Ongoing investigation into voter-fraud allegations

When Schweitzer and Jean publicly raised voter fraud allegations in October 2017, the party strongly denied there were any problems.

The chair of the UCP's leadership election committee, Robyn Henwood, said an independent audit had confirmed there was no evidence of breaches and no problems with voter personal identification numbers (PINs).

But as CBC News has reported, there is evidence of serious irregularities with the UCP leadership voting process.

Documents show email addresses fraudulently attached to party memberships were used to cast ballots in the leadership vote.

A dozen people with suspect emails attached to their memberships confirmed they did not vote in the leadership race, and said their emails were different from the ones on the list.

It is not known how widespread the practice was outside of the sample of email addresses CBC News reviewed.

In April, the RCMP executed a search warrant and seized a computer from an auto-repair business owned by newly elected Calgary MLA Peter Singh.

Singh's lawyer confirmed the computer seizure was part of the RCMP investigation into alleged voter fraud during the UCP leadership contest. Singh denied any wrongdoing.

It is not known if the RCMP sought any legal advice from federal or provincial Crown prosecutors to draft the search warrant application.

Last week, CBC News revealed the RCMP voter-fraud investigation had expanded to Edmonton. At least three officers have conducted unscheduled interviews with UCP leadership voters from the South Asian communities in Mill Woods.

The officers were attempting to verify the identities and emails of registered voters and whether they had actually voted.

CBC News has confirmed the RCMP are continuing to question registered UCP voters in Mill Woods.

If you have any information about this story, or information for another story, please contact us in confidence at cbcinvestigates@cbc.ca.



Charles Rusnell, Jennie Russell

Former investigative reporters

Jennie Russell and Charles Rusnell were reporters with CBC Investigates, the investigative unit of CBC Edmonton. They left CBC in 2021. Their journalism in the public interest is widely credited with forcing accountability, transparency and democratic change in Alberta.