North Pole Inc.? An economist offers advice to Santa Claus

Economist Todd Hirsch offers advice to Santa Claus on how to keep his annual toy operation viable.

Santa’s annual operating expenses are close to $20 billion. Can his annual toy operation stay viable?

Will Santa Claus take Calgary economist's Todd Hirsch's advice? (CBC)

Santa’s work is done for another year. He and his team of reindeer safely – and successfully – brought joy to children around the world on Christmas morning. But the challenges of the 21st century are reaching all corners of the global economy, and the North Pole is no exception. Santa is facing rising costs. He doesn’t charge for his services. But he still enjoys annual revenues in the billions thanks to royalty payments from the use of his image. Can his operation stay viable?

Like any CEO, Santa is facing pressure

Producing toys for some two billion children costs, on average, about $10 dollars per gift — cheaper than what you’d pay in the stores, but that puts Santa’s overall expenses at a whopping $20 billion.

The single biggest expense for Santa is labour costs. His elves, though they work for free, still need food and shelter. And while they’re generally a pretty happy bunch, they’ve lobbied hard for improved health benefits. One cost-cutting option is to outsource the toy manufacturing to China. But, because Santa is a jolly old soul, he’d never lay off any of the elves. Neither outsourcing or downsizing would be considered. So, Santa will continue to see expenses for 500,000 elves on staff are running close to $10 billion.

Input costs

Next, there’s the cost of purchasing the materials used to make the toys. Total input costs of raw materials run Santa just over $3 billion per year — and that’s been growing by about 5 per cent every year. Wooden toys were phased out years ago, replaced by cheaper plastics. Even cheaper materials, such as paper or straw, could be used. A doll made out of wheat husks or a cardboard bicycle would be just as fun for the children and would save Santa $500 million.

Restructure the operation

Another way Santa could make his operation more financially viable is to incorporate. Since he lives at the North Pole, there are no corporate taxes to pay (although if politicians had their way, that would change!) Making full use of tax-free status by incorporating would give him the benefits of limited liability, stock options for both himself and Mrs. Claus, and a board of directors. An influential board of directors would bring some much needed oversight to the operation.

Then there’s the skyrocketing cost of the reindeer, which tallies up to another $1 billion. Rudolph has been using his popularity to push for more candy canes and a bigger role in decision-making. Moving to less expensive creatures to pull his sleigh, perhaps donkeys or mules, could shave another 5 per cent off total costs.

New delivery model

Global toy distribution is another huge expense of about $4 billion. Taking a cue from Canada Post, Santa could end chimney-to-chimney delivery and set up community gift delivery depots at the end of every block. Instead of waking up Christmas morning and running to the tree, children would have to put on coats and boots and trudge through the snow with a key to their delivery box.

Add onto this insurance costs, electricity and other miscellaneous expenses, Santa’s annual operating expenses are close to $20 billion, making him one of the largest global manufacturers and distributors in the world. Cardboard toys, outsourcing to China, ending home delivery, and using donkeys to pull his sleigh could conceivably reduce total operating costs by 10 to 20 per cent, and maybe make Santa Inc. more solid moving forward.

The Bottom Line

Still, Santa wants none of this. Toys should be fun and not make out of straw. Elves need their jobs. Mules just aren’t as cute as tiny reindeer. But in order to keep the magic of Christmas happening, Santa’s only option is to increase revenues. So this Christmas, kids, tell your moms and dads to leave extra helpings of milk and cookies by the tree. Santa needs every crumb he can get!

Todd Hirsch is ATB Financial’s Chief Economist and author of the book, The Boiling Frog Dilemma: Saving Canada from Economic Decline. His Twitter handle is @ABeconomist.


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.