Trudeau says wealth fund blacklisting of Alberta companies a wake-up call on climate change action
Norges Bank decision based on recommendations from fund's ethics watchdog
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says news that one of the world's largest investment funds will exclude four Canadian oilsands producers from consideration for investing is part of a continuing shift in global attitudes for which oil companies will have to adjust.
On Wednesday, Norges Bank Investment Management, which manages Norway's sovereign wealth fund, announced it would stop investing in Calgary-based Canadian Natural Resources Ltd., Cenovus Energy Inc., Suncor Energy Inc. and Imperial Oil Ltd. after concluding they produce unacceptable levels of greenhouse gas emissions.
It also excluded three other non-Canadian companies, two over environmental concerns and one for human rights reasons. It said its holdings in all of the companies have been sold.
"We've seen investors around the world looking at the risks associated with climate change as an integral part of investment decisions they make," said Trudeau on Wednesday in response to a reporter's question.
"That is why it is so important for Canada to continue to move forward on fighting climate change and reduce our emissions in all sectors.… I can highlight that many companies in the energy sector have understood that the investment climate is shifting and there is a need for clear leadership and clear targets to reach on fighting climate change to draw on global capital."
The decision was based on recommendations from the Council on Ethics, the fund's ethics watchdog, because of the companies' carbon emissions from production of oil, the central bank said.
Carbon emissions became a criterion for exclusion from the fund four years ago, and in 2017 the Council on Ethics recommended "a small handful" of firms be blacklisted for producing too much greenhouse gas emissions in either the oil, cement and steel sectors.
Norges Bank also excluded three other companies — Egypt's ElSewedy Electric Co, Brazilian iron ore miner Vale SA , and Brazilian power holding Eletrobras — for causing severe environmental damage.
The central bank said it took a long time to sell shares of several of the blacklisted companies in a reasonable manner due to the "market situation, including liquidity in individual shares."
The fund, formally called the Government Pension Fund Global and set up in 1996 to save petroleum revenues for future generations, has grown to almost three times Norway's annual gross domestic product, far exceeding original projections.
Alberta's energy minister called the boycott "poorly informed and highly hypocritical."
"Canada's energy producers have some of the highest environmental, social and governance standards in the world. A recent review of these standards put Canada — driven by Alberta's energy sector — third behind only Norway and Denmark," Sonya Savage said in an emailed statement.
"When looking at the top ten oil exporting nations Canada ranks first — well above other countries, some of them with little or no human rights, supplying the world's growing oil demand."
More about publicity than fact, says Cenovus
Cenovus's CEO said the company is focused on its environmental footprint.
"Pulling investments from the oilsands and claiming it's for climate change reasons is more about publicity than fact," Alex Pourbaix said in a statement.
"Cenovus has reduced the GHG emissions intensity at our oilsands operations by approximately 30 per cent over the past 15 years. And we've set ambitious targets to reduce our emissions intensity by another 30 per cent across our operations by 2030 and hold absolute emissions flat during that time."
With files from The Canadian Press and Radio-Canada