British Columbia·From the Archives

'We're still here': Musqueam elder reflects 30 years after Pacific Spirit Park protest

The urban park, founded on unceded territory, was created 30 years ago amid protest from the Musqueam.

The park, founded on unceded territory, was created 30 years ago amid protest from the Musqueam

Musqueam protest at Pacific Spirit Regional Park

3 years ago
Duration 2:28
In this story from April 23, 1989, CBC reporter Bill Amos covers the protest of the creation of Pacific Spirit Regional Park.

Thirty years ago, on April 23, 1989, parts of the University Endowment Lands became Metro Vancouver's Pacific Spirit Regional Park. 

At the time, celebrations were organized for what was dubbed one of the largest urban parks in Canada. Premier Bill Vander Zalm and other dignitaries were present for the official handover. 

But for the Musqueam nation, on whose ancestral territories the university had taken up residence and who had competing claims for the park, it was a bitter day. 

Pacific Spirit Regional Park in Vancouver was created on Apr. 23, 1989. (Adda83/Shutterstock)

In fact, three years earlier, the band had submitted a land claim describing their historic use of the area.

In the 1984 document, members describe how it was becoming difficult for the Musqueam to conduct spiritual ceremonies amid joggers and other park users.

When the park was created in 1989, elders organized protests, pointing out that the park was created without real acknowledgement of Musqueam ancestral territories. 

Premier Bill Vander Zalm, who led British Columbia from 1986 to 1991, addresses reporters at the Pacific Spirit Regional Park naming ceremony. (CBC)

'Where are your papers?'

Gail Sparrow, 67, says it was one of the first protests she had ever taken part in. 

"We really didn't know what was going on up there," Sparrow recalled.

"[The elders] got the trucks and the cars and the people rounded up and they put the chairs out there. They brought the drums and they were in the traditional wear and they got the speakers and then they just went at it with Mr. Vander Zalm."

Musqueam elders organized the protest. Members dressed in traditional wear, drummed, and held placards. (CBC)

Calling the event the Vander "Slam," Sparrow said the speakers brought attention to the fact the land was unceded Musqueam territory. 

Park supporters responded to the Musqueam protesters by asking, "Where are your papers?"

"And one lady asked, 'Where are your papers?' [back at them]," Sparrow recalled.

"Open up the earth. Dig down. You'll find village remnants. Our people's bones are in there. That's who owned the land."

An evolving relationship

Sparrow, who later became a Musqueam chief, said the protest inspired her to take a closer look at the history of the land.

"Traditionally we don't think of it as Pacific Spirit Park. It's Musqueam land. It's a Musqueam village site. We occupy it. We live there. We never moved from there. We were relocated to reserve allotments from all these areas and pushed into the 400 acres that we have."

Since the creation of the park, Sparrow says there have been positive changes to the relationship between the Musqueam and the province. 

In recent years, the University of British Columbia has made attempts to acknowledge the Musqueam history of its campus, adding bilingual signs such as these ones in 2018. (UBC)

In 2006, the Musqueam signed a memorandum of understanding with the University of British Columbia. 

Properties — like the university golf course and 20 hectares of land in Pacific Spirit Park — were returned to the Musqueam under a 2008 land settlement with the province.

"That is a result of those people coming and protesting and speaking out and reclaiming the ownership of the land," she said. 

"[The elders] were strong and they stood and claimed … We're still here. We never left."