British Columbia

Vasco Castela loses job, may have to leave Canada over immigration mix up

Citizenship and Immigration Canada is under fire for failing to tell applicants for permanent residency that the program they were applying for met its cap months ago.

A lack of transparency by CIC could lead to a class action lawsuit, says immigration expert

A lack of transparency by CIC could lead to a class action lawsuit, says immigration expert 2:16

Citizenship and Immigration Canada is under fire for failing to tell permanent residency applicants that the program for which they were applying had met its cap several months ago and that their efforts to stay in Canada were essentially a waste of time. 

Vasco Castela is one of those affected. 

He has been teaching ethics full time in B.C. for seven years, but once his work visa runs out on Friday, his teaching days are over.

Originally from Portugal, Castela—who has a PhD in ethics and teaches at two Metro Vancouver colleges—first applied for permanent residency in 2013, but was turned down because he didn't meet the required number of working hours. He says that's because CIC failed to take into account any hours not physically spent in front of students teaching, such as prep time and marking.

Two months ago, with the expiration of his work visa approaching, Castela applied again with the correct number of hours, but his application was returned—unopened and unprocessed—because the cap on applications had been reached.

'Absolutely outrageous'

Unbeknownst to Castela, the CIC had hit its cap under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) on Oct. 22, 2014 and did not post this information to its website. It had previously announced it would accept 8,000 applications between May 1 and Dec. 31, 2014.

As the CEC program was being terminated at that point, there was a surge of applications from people trying to get in before the new Express Entry system with new criteria launched on Jan. 1, 2015.

But the information that last year's cap had been reached in October was only made public earlier this week—more than two months after the fact.

"It's absolutely outrageous," Castel told CBC News.

His opinion is shared by Toronto immigration lawyer Michael Niren.

Grounds for a lawsuit?

"In Canada we're supposed to have what we call the rule of law and part of that means consistency and predictability and reliability," he said.

"When you change the rules of the game so quickly—and in this case without even announcing it—it's not acceptable. Applicants are basically just shooting darts hoping that they stick and it's not good."

Experts say Castela is among thousands of people now left with little hope of staying in Canada thanks to a systemic failure by government.

"They have an obligation, a procedural fairness we'll call it, to announce on a timely basis when a cap has been reached and they obviously haven't done that...There could be good grounds for a class action suit."

Castela says from the day he arrived, it was his intention was to make Canada his home, but he doesn't expect to qualify for permanent residency under the new program that went into effect this year. Still, he plans to apply for a visitor visa in an attempt to buy him a few more weeks while he explores his options.

"I am very angry," he said Friday. "I'm angry, and I'm going to say goodbye to my students today and yeah, it's going to be a very emotional time."

CBC News asked CIC to explain why it did not inform the public that its cap had been reached two months ago, but it did not provide an answer. 

With files from Belle Puri


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.