British Columbia

Chief of First Nation struck by B.C. wildfires, floods says moving may be safest bet

The chief of a First Nation in British Columbia's Nicola Valley that was evacuated by both wildfires and floods last year says he wants more land for the community in a safer area.

Chief Arnie Lampreau of the Shackan Indian Band in the Nicola Valley wants more land in a safer area

Shackan Indian Band Chief Arnie Lampreau (Swakum) in March. Behind him are the remains of burned trees on a mountainside above the Nicola River in B.C.'s Southern Interior. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press)

The chief of a First Nation in British Columbia's Nicola Valley that was evacuated by both wildfires and floods last year says he wants more land for the community in a safer area.

Chief Arnie Lampreau of the Shackan Indian Band told B.C. Public Safety Minister Mike Farnworth and Transportation Minister Rob Fleming during their visit on Thursday that the threat of extreme weather is a constant concern for the First Nation located in B.C.'s Southern Interior.

"At the end of the day, I don't want to have to sleep with one eye open or have to be running again,'' Lampreau said.

The Shackan Indian Band, based along Highway 8 between Merritt and Spences Bridge, is among several communities facing difficult questions about how best to rebuild after disasters that the government has linked to climate change.

After a summer wildfire destroyed the nearby community of Lytton, B.C., a series of heavy rainstorms pummelled the area in November, causing the river to swell and whole sections of the highway to slump off the hillside.

It was the effect of so-called atmospheric rivers that washed over southern British Columbia, destroying sections of all the major highways linking Metro Vancouver with the Interior and spilling over dikes to flood farmland in Abbotsford.

Paulus Velt, far right, whose home was washed away and farm destroyed during the November floods, speaks with Assembly of First Nations National Chief RoseAnne Archibald as he shows her and Shackan Indian Band Chief Arnie Lampreau (Swakum), far left, where his home once stood on his property on the Nicola River, west of Merritt, B.C., on Thursday. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press)

The nation declared a state of emergency on Nov. 15 to implement an evacuation order for all 45 properties on its reserve. It was lifted in February for most residents.

Lampreau said he often weighs the cost of building temporary structures and protections for the land against moving.

He stood at a pullout Thursday on the side of the highway flanked by Farnworth and Fleming, who were making their first visit to the area more than four months after the floods.

'Unacceptable' loss

The chief pointed across the Nicola River to remnants of a bridge swept away in the floods. It leads to a section of Shackan's reserve lands from which seven households have been displaced.

Lampreau is among them, living in temporary housing at a Trans Mountain Pipeline work camp.

"That's one of the reasons why I brought you guys out here, you get to see the devastation,'' Lampreau told the ministers. "You've seen it from the air,'' he said, referring to a flyover they did of the area previously, "but when you come here, it's different.''

B.C. Minister of Public Safety and Solicitor General Mike Farnworth, left, and Shackan Indian Band Chief Arnie Lampreau (Swakum) walk together after viewing damage to Shackan land. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press)

Farnworth said after the tour that the significant loss of land is "unacceptable.''

"The land issue is a big one and it's an issue they have been talking with the province, but also the federal government, about,'' Farnworth said. Indigenous Services Canada and Crown-Indigenous Relations did not immediately return a request for comment.

"We're working with the community, we're looking at different places that might be suitable,'' he said, adding that it is still "very early'' in the process, which would also involve the federal government.

Road rebuilding 

Following the floods and washouts across southern B.C., the Transportation Ministry and its contractors worked quickly to restore connections through the Fraser Valley on Highway 1 and Highway 7, along the Coquihalla and on Highway 1 through the Fraser Canyon.

However, Fleming said restoring Highway 8 has been particularly challenging.

"Highway 8 is the trickiest,'' he said. "Literally seven kilometres of it disappeared into the river. We've driven on some stretches of it today that had disappeared that have been rebuilt.''

Damage to the Coquihalla Highway during the week of Nov. 15, 2021, when catastrophic floods wiped out sections of the province's highway network. (B.C. Ministry of Transportation)

He couldn't provide an estimate for a full reopening, but said more information would be released in the coming months in partnership with the federal government.

Rebuilding it "right'' will mean using traditional knowledge as well as engineering strength in a way that adds social and economic benefits to the community, he said.

Meeting survivors and seeing the landscape in person brought home the impact of the wildfires and floods, Fleming added.

"It's really real to see and meet with people who've lost their homes and lost all the things that were valuable to them,'' he said.

The ministers arrived at the Shackan reserves as part of a tour that was also expected to include other First Nations belonging to the Scw'exmx, meaning "people of the creeks.''

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