British Columbia·SCHOOL VIOLENCE

Why mental-health teaching starts in kindergarten at this B.C. school

All the students in Leigh Koenigsfest’s kindergarten class at Boundary Elementary School in North Vancouver, B.C., know how to recognize when a classmate is happy or sad.

Students taught to recognize, cope with feelings at young age to create safe communities later on

Leigh Koenigsfest teaches her kindergarten students how to understand their feelings at Boundary Elementary School in North Vancouver, B.C. (Ken Leedham/CBC)

This story is part of School Violence, a CBC News series examining the impact of peer-on-peer violence on students and parents.


All the students in Leigh Koenigsfest's kindergarten class at Boundary Elementary School in North Vancouver, B.C., know how to recognize when a classmate is happy or sad.

Koenigsfest teaches children to understand feelings — both in others and themselves — just like she teaches them the alphabet and basic arithmetic.

"We're building the opportunity to build empathy for others," Koenigsfest told CBC News on Thursday morning during a class break.

"The biggest message in this early part of kindergarten, for children, is that we have room for all their feelings."

Long before a comprehensive CBC News study uncovered that an alarming number of violent incidents happen in Canadian schools, the North Vancouver School District was pre-emptively targeting the root causes of violence and other social problems.

Koenigsfest says her school uses what is known as the Second Step Program, which promotes social and emotional learning to students in kindergarten to Grade 8, teaching them to value themselves and be nice to others. 

"We didn't get Second Step at Boundary because we had a big problem," she said. "We got Second Step because we wanted to build a community that is kind."

Jeremy Church, the North Vancouver School District principal of social emotional learning and mental health, says it's important to ensure that youth know their teachers care for them. (Maggie MacPherson/CBC)

After kindergarten

As students get older and their problems become more complex, the emotional subject matter they learn in school grows along with them.

Jeremy Church, the district principal of social emotional learning and mental health, said people often lash out when they're stressed or anxious, so students learn how to deal with those feelings.

"If you can't understand what you're feeling, you can't communicate what you're feeling, that's when you see cases of people being angry or hostile," Church said.

Claire Ellis, a Grade 7 student at Boundary, says the program helps her manage anxiety when she's taking tests. 

"Now I'll say to myself, 'Well, it's just a test,'" she said. "We learned to remind ourselves to stop and really think about what's causing you to be anxious."

Athena Walder, a Grade 12 student at Mountainside Secondary School in North Vancouver, B.C., says her self efficacy classes help build community. (Maggie MacPherson/CBC)

Secondary school program

Church is also the principal of Mountainside Secondary School, where students are too old for the Second Step Program, but still receive mental health literacy training.

Every school day includes a 20-minute "Self Efficacy Class," where small groups of students discuss things like stress management techniques.

Grade 12 student Athena Walder says she's comfortable in her self-efficacy group because it feels like a community.

"In a lot of schools, you don't really know everyone and it sometimes feels like you're in an assembly line of students," Walder said.

"It's nice sometimes to have 20 minutes to get to know each other, because it builds a sense of community."

Church says a single teacher is assigned to each self efficacy class, which builds strong relationships between the students and instructors.

Mika Yekrangian, a Grade 11 student at Mountainside Secondary School in North Vancouver, plans to come back to visit teachers after graduation. (Maggie MacPherson/CBC)

The CBC study into violence in schools found that only 50 per cent of students who have witnessed violent incidents reported what they saw.

Church says that underscores how important it is to ensure that youth know their teachers care for them.

"The kids in my building know the adults here want them to do well," he said.

"They'll come talk to us."

Grade 11 student Mika Yekrangian says her bond with her teachers is so strong that she plans to come back and visit them after she graduates.

"My teachers have impacted me really well," she said.

"I'm never going to forget them."

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