British Columbia

New museum built on historic Lytton cultural site

A new cultural museum has been built to recognize the work of more than 17,000 Chinese labourers who helped build a vital railway link through the Fraser Canyon, in B.C.

Gallery to recognize work of Chinese labourers on railway through Fraser Canyon opens May 13

Between 1881 and 1884, as many as 17,000 Chinese men came to B.C. to work as labourers on the Canadian Pacific Railway. (Lorna Fandrich)

History is literally being made — and remade — as the final touches are added to a new cultural museum that recognizes the work and sacrifice of more than 17,000 Chinese labourers who helped build the Canadian Pacific Railway through the Fraser Canyon in B.C.

The Lytton Chinese History Museum traces the story of Chinese inhabitants in the Lytton area from 1858 to 1928.

The facility has been built on the grounds of a former Chinese joss house, also known as a temple or shrine. 

"A joss house is basically a non-Chinese term for either Chinese temples or community halls from that era," said museum co-founder Lorna Fandrich.

"Joss was burning incense, so if you translate it literally, it would be an incense burning house." 

The original structure was built in 1881 and torn down in about 1928.

Empty lot

The land sat vacant until it was purchased in 1980 by Fandrich and her husband Bernie.

The two needed a place to store their rafting business equipment.  

But instead, they became fascinated with the site's history after reading a 1933 newspaper article that detailed some of the property's spiritual history.

"Once I got that article, I thought eventually we should put a little museum or some historical thing on it," said Fandrich. 

The article lead Fandrich to intensely study the site's history, acquire artifacts, travel to Buddhist temples in California, and assemble a panel of experts to help spearhead the project.

Workers building the railroad in the 1880s.
Chinese workers mostly cleared and graded the railway's roadbed. (Lorna Fandrich)

Artifacts for sale 

The museum includes nearly 200 period artifacts collected from throughout the B.C. Interior. 

The majority of them were in a collection Fandrich bought from a man in Lillooet, B.C.

"He wanted to sell because he's getting elderly and he wanted it to go some place where it would be intact," said Fandrich. 

"That was over 150 pieces that tell the story. It's an excellent collection." 

The remaining pieces Fandrich has collected herself along the way. 

The museum's exhibits tell stories about the B.C. gold rush, railway construction through the Fraser Canyon, cultural customs and practices and the hurdles faced by Chinese labourers.

Chinese men who worked to build the railroad in B.C. were paid about $1 a day and lived in camps. (Lorna Fandrich)

In February 2016, the site of the former joss house was granted official heritage status under Heritage B.C.'s Chinese Historic Places Recognition Project

The museum will open on May 13. 


Belle Puri


Belle Puri is a veteran journalist who has won awards for her reporting in a variety of fields. Belle contributes to CBC Vancouver's Impact Team, where she investigates and reports on stories that impact people in their local community.