British Columbia

B.C. colleges vulnerable to money laundering, report finds

Investigating team heard some international students pay their fees in cash, then "withdraw and receive an institutional cheque in reimbursement." If the cash comes from the proceeds of crime, this is a classic way of turning dirty money into funds that appear clean.

Some accept cash for tuition and issue refund cheques when students withdraw

Former RCMP deputy commissioner Peter German, in his report Dirty Money Part Two, found some private and public post-secondary institutions accept cash for tuition and other expenses. (Shutterstock)

B.C.'s colleges and post-secondary institutions may be an avenue for money laundering, the author of an explosive report issued this week says.

Former RCMP deputy commissioner Peter German, in his report Dirty Money Part Two, found some private and public post-secondary institutions accept cash for tuition and other expenses.

He writes that his team received tips that some international students have been known to register at colleges in person and then, after paying their fees, "withdraw and receive an institutional cheque in reimbursement for their fees."

If the cash comes from the proceeds of crime, this is a classic way of turning dirty money into funds that appear clean.

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Student brings $9K cash in duffel bag

The report also notes that a student recently appeared at an unnamed college with a duffel bag of $9,000 in cash, asking to deposit it — minus a charge of $150 the student owed — with the college.

"Who would have thought private schools and universities would be accepting bulk cash from people and potentially acting as banks issuing cheques for bulk cash?" asked B.C. Attorney General David Eby in an interview.

Peter German, centre, believes post-secondary schools that accept cash for student fees may be unwittingly offering criminals an avenue for money laundering. Attorney General David Eby, left, is pondering new reporting requirements for large cash transactions. (Mike McArthur/CBC)

Eby says his NDP government is looking at requiring all B.C. businesses to report cash transactions over $10,000 to the federal anti-laundering watchdog known as FINTRAC.

German said his team also received tips about private colleges accepting cash for tuition, which, for an international student, tends to be a minimum of $7,000 to $10,000. 

'Whack a mole'

The section regarding colleges forms part of a chapter that German devotes to an analysis of where dirty cash can move as criminals seek ways to turn it into apparently legitimate money.

Calling it the "whack a mole" phenomenon, German identifies cryptocurrencies, auction houses, luxury boats and cash-based cannabis businesses as vulnerable to use by money launderers.

These businesses are vehicles where money launderers may attempt to clean their money — in addition to the previously identified real estate industry, casinos and luxury cars.

El Chapo's drug lieutenant 

German notes that the book Hunting El Chapo describes how the Mexican drug kingpin's "lieutenant" apparently registered at a private Vancouver business college as a cover for his illegal activities.

Columbia College is a private Vancouver-based international post-secondary school. It offers high school programs, university transfer courses and associate degree programs. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

The book names Columbia College as the place where point man Jesus Herrera Esperanza, a.k.a. "Hondo," was enrolled in 2013 at age 22.

German notes that "there is no suggestion that the college was aware of [Esperanza's] connection or that it knowingly accepted laundered proceeds of crime."

Columbia College president Robin Hemmingsen wrote in an email to CBC that it has no record of a person named Jesus Herrara Esperanza ever registering with the college. She wrote the college, which is private but non-profit, does not accept cash from new international students 

A report on money laundering in B.C. alleges some colleges, including a Vancouver-based campus where a lieutenant of convicted Mexican drug lord Joaquin (El Chapo) Guzman allegedly once attended classes, issue refunds for tuition paid in cash. That claim was made in Andrew Hogan and Douglas Century's book Hunting El Chapo. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

Cash at Douglas College ending soon

German notes that a number of BC's public post-secondary institutions accept cash but are not uniform in their criteria.

Some do, some don't and some have limits.

University of British Columbia spokesperson Matthew Ramsey told CBC the university has not accepted cash for more than 10 years.

Simon Fraser University spokesperson Theodore Tsang wrote in an email that the university stopped accepting cash in 2017.

Douglas College says it will stop accepting cash for student fees in 2020. (Google Streetview)

Publicly funded Douglas College still accepts cash.

Spokesperson Regan Lal told CBC News very few students pay in cash and the college is ending it as a method of payment in 2020.


  • An earlier version of this story included inaccurate tuition costs for international students at private colleges in B.C. In fact, Peter German's report on money laundering said tuition for international students tends to be a minimum of $7,000 to $10,000.
    May 29, 2019 6:47 AM PT

With files from Eric Rankin and Liam Britten