British Columbia·Photos

Exhibit debuts in B.C. showing impact of 1984 anti-Sikh violence in India

"Lapata and the Left Behind" debuts this weekend. The exhibition of black-and-white photos illustrate the pain and suffering of mothers and grandmothers left behind, holding treasured pictures of their sons and other family members.

Exhibit is scheduled to open later this year in Toronto and Ottawa

Photo from the exhibition, Lapata And the Left Behind, showing Jagir Kaur holding a picture of her son Jasbir Singh who disappeared at the age of 18/19 (Abhishek Madhukar/multimedia journalist/contributor to NY Times, Reuters)

Jasleen Sidhu hones in on one area when she talks about her love of history and what intrigues her most — historical wrongs including Canada's residential school system, the Holocaust and the violence against Sikhs in India's northwestern province of Punjab.

It's the last category that has directly impacted Sidhu's community the most but elicits little discussion because sparse information has been available about the deaths and disappearances of thousands of young Sikhs in the 1980s and '90s, allegedly at the hands of police and the Indian Army.

"My family is from Punjab and most of my family was living in Punjab at that time," the future teacher says.

Sidhu, 23, is hoping a four-day international exhibit premiering at The Space art gallery Saturday in Vancouver and featuring photos of families left behind will shed some light on their plight as many continue to live in poverty after losing their main breadwinners, the "lapata," which means the disappeared or missing in Punjabi.

Lapata, the Missing

The exhibit, called Lapata. And the Left Behind includes black-and-white photos of mothers and grandmothers holding treasured pictures of their sons and other family members. It's scheduled to open later this year in Toronto and Ottawa.

In Fatehgarh, [the police] took him and then, in the morning around 7 a.m., they killed him in a fake encounter." Darshan Kaur remembers her son Baljinder Singh who disappeared at the age of 18. Photo from the exhibition Lapata And the Left Behind. (Abhishek Madhukar/multimedia journalist/contributor to NY Times, Reuters)

Sidhu, who attends Simon Fraser University, where she is a member of the Sikh Students' Association, said the topic of the anti-Sikh violence that groups such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have pursued as a human-rights atrocity has mostly been left undiscussed between her and her 20-year-old brother Manbeer, who is also a member of the association at SFU.

Darshan Kaur's home filled with family pictures. Photo from the exhibition, Lapata And the Left Behind. (Abhishek Madhukar/multimedia journalist/contributor to NY Times, Reuters)

"I do try to go to events where I learn about historical wrongs," Sidhu says, adding tragedies that leave families suffering after the unlawful deaths of loves ones can sometimes be put into perspective, perhaps in a limited way, only years later, even if justice and answers remain elusive.

"I think we're at that point with the '80s in Punjab, that we can start learning about it. It's far enough away that the trauma is trying to heal itself but we're still close enough to the facts that we can learn more about it."

Jasbir Kaur's son Baljit Singh disappeared at the age of 21. Photo from the exhibition Lapata and the Left Behind. (Abhishek Madhukar/multimedia journalist/contributor to NY Times, Reuters)

Violence began in 1984

Much of the violence against Sikhs began in June 1984 when the Indian Army stormed the Golden Temple, Sikhism's holiest shrine in Amritsar, to root out extremists working toward an independent homeland they called Khalistan, to be carved out of Punjab.

In October that year, following the assassination of prime minister Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards, riots against the minority group in Delhi and elsewhere led to the attacks against Sikhs. 

Jatinder Singh, director of the humanitarian group Khalsa Aid Canada, which sponsored the exhibit in Vancouver, said its affiliate in India provides a monthly stipend to Sikh families who were left destitute, many of whom spent years trying to find their missing kin.

"Unfortunately, we will never know what happened in many cases. They were informally told by police that 'your child was cremated."'

Missing and murdered Sikhs

Singh said he was about 11 and growing up in the United Kingdom when he would see his father reading stories of missing and murdered Sikhs in a weekly Punjabi newspaper featuring photos of the violence that had less of an impact on him than the sadness he saw in his parents' eyes.

Balbir Kaur’s son, Rajwinder Singh, was aged 17 when he disappeared. Photo from the exhibition, Lapata and the Left Behind. (Abhishek Madhukar/multimedia journalist/contributor to NY Times, Reuters)

"I was seeing the reaction of my parents more, watching my dad, once a week, with the paper and being distraught and knowing that this person from this village got killed or these are villages that are near our village in India and another young man got picked up and killed or has disappeared," Singh said.

"Even though it happened a long time ago the repercussions of it are still there. It's intergenerational. The younger generation has seen it as well, with an uncle or auntie being tortured or having to run for their lives."

Abhishekh Madhukar, a freelance photojournalist who photographed the families in their villages in Punjab, said he was inspired by their warmth and lack of anger and resentment.

Balbir Kaur remembers her son Rajwinder Singh who was 17 years old when he was killed: 'Two months after he was killed, I remember I was never at peace. I was constantly crying, and my younger son would say, 'he’s already gone and seems like you’ll be leaving us soon too. You never eat and just lay there all day.' (Abhishek Madhukar/multimedia journalist/contributor to NY Times, Reuters)

"They had grace and dignity in times of suffering, which showed a certain strength and courage," he said on the phone from Delhi.

"I hope that as humans and citizens of the world we can see that these man-made disasters certainly can be avoided."


  • A previous version of this story made references to the 1985 Air India bombing that were incorrect.
    May 03, 2019 9:25 PM PT


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