British Columbia

From the Deep South to the Downtown Eastside: The legacy of one of B.C.'s first Black MLAs

Emery Barnes, a Grey Cup winner and human rights advocate, grew up in poverty and struggled through anti-Black discrimination in both the U.S. and Canada. He became one of the first Black MLAs in B.C. and the first Black Speaker of any legislature in the country.

Emery Barnes, a Grey Cup winner and human rights advocate, challenged racism

Emery Barnes, a pro football player in the U.S. and with the B.C. Lions, went on to become the first Black Speaker of the B.C. Legislature — and the first Black person to ever hold the position anywhere in the country. (B.C. Black History Awareness Society)

Constance Barnes wipes away some dust from a memorial plaque honouring her father that's mounted on a brick pillar in downtown Vancouver.

She reads one of his old messages to youth — words now immortalized inside the park that bears his name.

"Dreams of hope can come true if you keep a clear vision of where you are going. Think positively and believe in yourself," she recites.

"I love that."

Constance is the daughter of Emery Barnes, a pro football player in British Columbia who became one of the province's first Black politicians.

A trailblazer on the field and in politics, Barnes spent his life overcoming racial barriers — from his early years growing up in the Deep South of the U.S. to his days playing in the Canadian Football League.

Constance Barnes reads from a plaque honouring her father that's mounted in Emery Barnes Park in Vancouver. The park was unveiled in 2003. (Ben Nelms/CBC)

As Canada recognizes Black History Month, Constance hopes that her father's underdog story can raise awareness for B.C.'s marginalized communities and encourage the oppressed to never give up.

"His legacy was 'keep on keepin' on — and please, don't judge,'" she said.

Gifted as a high jumper, football player

Emery Oakland Barnes was born in Louisiana in 1929, a time when Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation in the Deep South.

"He came from a very poor family, and Grandma Anne — his mom — cleaned houses," Constance said. "It was a struggle to get food, to go to school, to get through those days when you didn't go hungry."

As a child, Barnes and his friends would round up pesky rats in the neighbourhood. The kid who gathered the most would get a day-old loaf of bread from the local bakery.

Barnes is shown competing in the high jump during his college years. He attended the University of Oregon and received a bachelor of science degree. He was also an alternate high jumper for the 1952 U.S. Olympic team. (Submitted by Constance Barnes)

Athletically gifted, Barnes excelled at track and field, competing in the high jump, and he boxed. He was even an alternate high jumper for the 1952 U.S. Olympic team. But his football skills took him the furthest.

"It was all about the sports. That was his ticket out of 'the hood,' so to speak," his daughter said.

Barnes played football at the University of Oregon, receiving a bachelor of science degree, and was then drafted by the NFL's Green Bay Packers in 1954. It was there that he lived through the league's troubled era of segregation.

"He wasn't allowed to eat with the players. He had to go in the back and eat in the kitchen," Constance said. "He wasn't allowed to stay in the same hotels."

Barnes played in both the NFL and CFL during his career and was a member of the B.C. Lions when the team won the Grey Cup in 1964. He was one of few Black players on his team. (CBC Archives)

Barnes later signed with the B.C. Lions of the CFL. He played with the Lions for three seasons, starting in 1962, and was a member of the team when it won the Grey Cup in 1964.

But even in Canada, he was still stereotyped and verbally abused. So were his wife and four daughters.

"It was painful," Constance said. "Interestingly enough, though, when my dad would come to [our school in Port Moody], all the kids who were calling us names would run around him and ask him for autographs."

Social worker, MLA, Speaker

After his football career, Barnes attended the University of British Columbia and earned a degree in social work, with the goal of supporting underprivileged communities in Metro Vancouver.

Because of his popularity on and off the field, Barnes was recruited by New Democratic Party candidate Bill Deverell to campaign for the two-member riding of Vancouver Centre.

Barnes graduated from the University of British Columbia with a degree in social work, gaining popularity within the profession shortly after his career in football. (CBC Archives)

"The reason they asked him is because he's really, really good with people, and he gets things done — and he's not afraid," Constance said. "Yeah, he was six-foot-six, big towering Black guy, but he was also very warm and embracing."

The pair lost in the 1969 provincial election, but Barnes ran again three years later alongside Gary Lauk — and won. He went on to represent a large swath of the city, including the Downtown Eastside, in the B.C. Legislature for 24 years.

Barnes, with Harry Rankin and Norman Young, at Vancouver's centennial party in 1986. He was first elected to the B.C. Legislature in 1972 and went on to represent a large swath of the city, including the Downtown Eastside, for 24 years. (City of Vancouver Archives)

Barnes and fellow NDP candidate Rosemary Brown, elected that same year, were the first two Black MLAs in the province's history. He used the platform to speak out against racism, raise awareness of Black history and call for greater social services for the disadvantaged.

He was elected Speaker of the legislature in 1994, becoming the first Black person to ever hold the position anywhere in the country.

Downtown Eastside advocacy

In 1986, in a bid to protest the province's low welfare rates, Barnes moved into a Downtown Eastside room for a month, living off the $350 provincial rate at the time.

The move, while widely applauded, drew a handful of criticism in the neighbourhood, with some calling it a publicity stunt ahead of an upcoming election. His family contends that it was a genuine effort in his continued fight for human rights.

"He lost about 60 pounds," Constance Barnes recalls. "What he was trying to prove is that the down and out, the underdog, get treated badly."

WATCH | Trailblazing Black MLA Emery Barnes moves to Downtown Eastside:

Trailblazing Black MLA moves into the Downtown Eastside

2 years ago
Duration 2:47
In 1986, B.C. politician Emery Barnes attempted to live on the $350 welfare rate for a month.

Following a lifetime of breaking barriers in sports and politics, Barnes was appointed to the Order of British Columbia in 1995. Three years later, after battling cancer, he died on July 1, 1998, at the age of 68 — two years after his term as Speaker ended. In 2003, Emery Barnes Park was unveiled in downtown Vancouver.

"He was a very strong human being, and he raised all of us kids to be very, very strong," Constance said. "It's not that [racism] made him feel less, I think it made him fight to be more, that he could succeed, that he was just as good."

Constance Barnes, shown at Emery Barnes Park in Vancouver on Feb. 11, has followed in her father's footsteps. She had her own run in municipal politics and has been advocating for those suffering from poverty, racism and addiction in the Downtown Eastside. (Ben Nelms/CBC)

Barnes's influence has carried over to his daughter Constance, who had her own run in municipal politics and has been a fixture on Vancouver's Downtown Eastside, advocating for those suffering from poverty, racism and addiction.

"I've got a lot of Dad in me," she said.

For more stories about the experiences of Black Canadians — from anti-Black racism to success stories within the Black community — check out Being Black in Canada, a CBC project Black Canadians can be proud of. You can read more stories here.



Jon Hernandez

Video Journalist

Jon Hernandez is an award-winning multimedia journalist from Vancouver, British Columbia. His reporting has explored mass international migration in Chile, controversial logging practices in British Columbia, and the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Follow Jon Hernandez on Twitter: