British Columbia

Photographer captures 'odd but exciting' crow behaviour known as anting

A Victoria-area photographer captured a crow in the process of anting, a behaviour that has confounded experts for decades.

Bird expert says capturing an image of a crow while anting is a rare occurrence

Photographer Tony Austin of Metchosin, B.C., said he had no idea what he was observing until he enlarged this image of crows at Victoria's Swan Lake Nature Sanctuary on a computer screen and saw that one of the birds was covered in ants. (Tony Austin Photography)

Photographer Tony Austin recently captured a peculiar image of a crow with its wings covered in dozens of tiny black ants in the throes of what appeared to be a behaviour he described as a "very odd and violent dirt bath." 

The image also captured the imagination of hundreds of devotees of a Facebook group called Picture Perfect Vancouver Island after the Metchosin, B.C., photographer posted it on Monday.

"I'd never seen anything like this," said Austin. "It was odd but exciting behaviour."

Austin was in Victoria's Swan Lake Nature Sanctuary that day, and when a murder of crows landed close to him, he noticed what appeared to be a bird in distress.

His photographic instincts kicked in, and he crouched down to capture a close-up — a chance encounter one bird expert says is quite rare.

It wasn't until Austin got home and enlarged the images on a monitor that he noticed the crow had ants crawling all over its body. He posted the image to the Facebook group and asked people to weigh in on what they thought it might be. 

Many commented they had never seen such behaviour while others were concerned the bird was being attacked.

"But a couple of more informed birders were telling us it was anting," said Austin. 

Austin posted the photo on Facebook and got a big reaction from people fascinated with the curious behaviour known as anting. (Submitted by Tony Austin)


To experts, anting is something of a mysterious behaviour where birds rub insects, usually ants, on their feathers and skin.

Some birds will sit still on an anthill and patiently allow the creatures to crawl freely through their feathers. At other times, they have been seen to pick the ants up with their beaks and rub themselves with the tiny insects.

Sensing a threat, the ants shoot a spray of formic acid from their abdomens or anal glands, which is absorbed into the bird's body and acts as a natural insecticide.

A crow engaging in a process known as anting, where birds rub insects, usually ants, on their feathers and skin. (Tony Austin Photography)

The reasons for the behaviour have confounded experts since it was first observed in the 1830s, when James Audubon noticed turkeys doing it.

The National Wild Turkey Federation says anting has been seen in more than 200 species of birds worldwide.

A widely held theory, according to the federation, maintains that birds use the ants to soothe irritated skin during periods of heavy feather molting while another theory suggests the ants help control parasites that live in the bird's plumage.

"The ant also becomes something to eat," said David Bird, an emeritus professor of wildlife biology with McGill University. 

An act of 'self-stimulation'

A 2015 study by Paul Hendricks and Gwen Norment published in the Northwestern Naturalist looked at several possible functions for the behaviour, going all the way back to 1935.

'It's very rare' to capture an image of a crow anting, says David Bird, an emeritus professor of wildlife biology at McGill University whose last name, he insists, is 'just dumb luck.' (

The research didn't come to any definitive conclusions, but one curious theory posited that crows were anting for "self-stimulation." 

"There is the possibility that anting serves more than one purpose whose expression depends on the individual bird and context of the anting activity," wrote the authors.

Bird says experts are unable to determine what the purpose of many bird behaviours may be.

"I don't think anyone has done a definitive study on anting behaviour yet," he said. "I don't think we have the full answer yet."

He says capturing an image of a bird in the throes of anting is "very rare." 

Austin only recently started shooting nature and wildlife, and while he had no idea what he was witnessing at the time, he is thrilled to have captured such a rare sight.

"It's kind of like a treasure hunt," Austin said. "You always hope for a shot like that, but it doesn't come around too often."


Cathy Kearney is a digital journalist with CBC News Vancouver.

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