British Columbia

Air quality from wildfire smoke hits dangerous levels in cities across B.C., as smoke heads west

For days, thick smoke has blanketed Kootenay and Okanagan cities, reaching levels considered dangerous. Now, Metro Vancouver is bracing for that smoke to reach the coast.

Thick wildfire smoke has blanketed cities in the Kootenays and Okanagan for days. Metro Vancouver may be next

Air quality across B.C. poses a health risk with more than 240 fires burning

2 months ago
1:26
As more than 240 fires rage across the province, tens of thousands of people have been exposed to poor air quality, and it's particularly difficult for residents who have health issues. 1:26

For days, thick smoke from wildfires has blanketed B.C. cities in the Kootenays and Okanagan. Now, Metro Vancouver is bracing for that smoke to reach the coast this weekend.

On Saturday, Environment and Climate Change Canada issued a special air quality statement for parts of Metro Vancouver and the Fraser Valley, warning that elevated ozone levels due to the heatwave could pose health risks. They're also predicting wildfire smoke is likely heading west.

"For a lot of the Interior right now, our Air Quality Health Index is at 10, which is a very high level, basically all around the areas with concentrated wildfires," Derek Lee, a federal meteorologist, told CBC News. "We are still monitoring some wildfire smoke that will be coming into the coast area over the next few days."

Environment and Climate Change Canada issued a statement Saturday forecasting that "a change in the weather on Monday is forecast to bring onshore winds to help clear the smoke."

How bad it will get remains to be seen, but in cities close to the wildfire front lines, fine particle pollution has reached dangerous levels for human health. The impacts are worse on seniors, young children and those with pre-existing health conditions.

Number of fires rises by 60

On Saturday, Trail, B.C., hit pollution levels 43 times the maximum recommended levels. Kelowna reached levels 27 times above the safe limit.

"When we're seeing very high values, we want to avoid very strenuous activities outdoors," Lee explained

Environment and Climate Change Canada said there's little reprieve in sight for those cities. But for the South Coast, meteorologists told CBC a change in the weather Monday should see winds help clear the smoke.

The B.C. Wildfire Service said more than 243 wildfires are currently burning across the province — an increase in 60 fires from last week. The largest number are burning in the Kamloops region  

A total of 4,780 square kilometres have burned so far this year — a 38 per cent increase above the annual average for the last decade.

Children play on the Hot Sands Beach in downtown Kelowna, B.C., near Okanagan Lake in B.C.'s Interior amid heavy wildfire smoke on July 30, 2021. (Winston Szeto/CBC)

Most of the active fires are believed to have been caused by lightning, more of which is expected in the coming days.

"We are predicting lightning," Jean Strong, with B.C.'s wildfire service, told CBC News Network on Saturday, "but we're also expecting precipitation and we're hoping that may outweigh some of the lightning starts."

Evacuation orders

Meanwhile, there are around 60 evacuation orders in place in the province related to wildfires.

On Saturday evening, officials issued an evacuation order for properties in the Queest Village and Pete Martin Bay area, which is about 35 kilometres north of Sicamous in B.C's Shuswap region. The properties are threatened by the Crazy Creek Gorge fire, which has grown to 17 square kilometres and is classified as out of control.

Also Saturday evening, the Regional District of the Okanagan-Similkameen issued an evacuation order for properties being threatened by the Garrison Lake fire, which is burning 33 kilometres southwest of Princeton. The fire is now 82 square kilometres in size and classified as out of control.


Anyone placed under an evacuation order should leave the area immediately. 

Evacuation centres have been set up throughout the province to assist anyone evacuating from a community under threat from a wildfire. To find the centre closest to you, visit the Emergency Management B.C. website.

Evacuees are encouraged to register with Emergency Support Services online, whether or not they access services at an evacuation centre.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

David P. Ball

@davidpball

David P. Ball is a CBC News reporter in Vancouver. Send story tips or ideas to david.ball@cbc.ca, or find him on Twitter @davidpball.

With files from CBC News Network

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