Price of pot is up since legalization, StatsCan finds

Prior to legalization of recreational cannabis Oct. 17, the unweighted average price per gram was $6.83. It has since risen to $8.02 per gram, according to data collected through Statistics Canada's crowdsourcing app.

Taxes, supply problems and lack of competition have pushed up the price of cannabis to $8.02 per gram

The price of marijuana has risen since it became legal for recreational use on Oct. 17, Statistics Canada data indicate. (Juan Mabromata/AFP/Getty Images)

The price of pot has risen more than 17 per cent since it became legal for recreational use, according to Statistics Canada.

With more folks lighting up, and thorny supply issues in some provinces, the price has jumped to $8.02 per gram from $6.83.

Using an updated version of its crowdsourcing app, Statistics Canada collected price information prior to legalization Oct. 17, and compared it to the average price between that day and the end of 2018.

Of the 385 price quotes it used from that period, half of those purchases were from legal suppliers. 

Legal pot costs more. The average price for dried cannabis from a legal supplier was $9.70 per gram, compared to $6.51 from illegal suppliers.

David Clement said it's not surprising that the price of pot has risen. The North American affairs manager for the Consumer Choice Centre, a consumer advocacy group that monitors regulatory policy around the globe, said there are two main factors pushing up cannabis costs — taxes and lack of competition.

The taxes and fees create prices that are high out of the gate, and then a lack of competition prevents those prices from being slowly pushed down.-David Clement, consumer advocate

Now that it's legal, pot is now subject to provincial and federal taxes, plus all the fees and licensing costs imposed on producers that are passed on to end users, said Clement.

"It costs half a billion [over five years] to enforce the rules and regulations in the Cannabis Act, so in order to generate the revenues to cover that they've implemented fees and licences on licensed producers."

On top of that, access is restricted in the majority of provinces and territories to government-run retail and online shops only.

"The taxes and fees create prices that are high out of the gate, and then a lack of competition prevents those prices from being slowly pushed down," Clement said.

Jeffrey Lizotte, a cannabis lobbyist and CEO of Next Wave Brands, said price issues will keep the illegal sellers in business.

"It's a constant conversation with Health Canada and with provincial regulators to help streamline the burden to make sure that legal cannabis can compete with the black market on price, because that's the only way we're going to displace the black market." 

(CBC News)

More people using cannabis

The survey results also suggest that legalization has prompted more people to partake, as 7.7 per cent of respondents said they had purchased cannabis for the first time. About 61 per cent of the first-time buyers purchased from legal sources.

Although Statistics Canada cautions about drawing conclusions from the data given the small sample size, it also indicated men were more likely to purchase cannabis from a legal supplier than women, with 49.8 per cent of male respondents buying from legal producers compared with 41.6 per cent of female respondents.

Corrections

  • An earlier version of this story quoted a source who mistakenly said the cost of enforcing the Cannabis Act was around half a billion dollars per year. In fact, the government projects it to cost that much over five years.
    Jan 09, 2019 6:09 PM ET

About the Author

Brandie Weikle

CBC News

Brandie Weikle is a senior writer for CBC News based in Toronto. She's a long-time magazine and newspaper editor and podcast host with specialities in family life, health and the workplace. You can reach her at brandie.weikle@cbc.ca.

With files from Jacqueline Hansen