Ottawa dropping pre-arrival PCR test for travellers as of Feb. 28

Effective Feb. 28, travellers to Canada will no longer have to take a molecular test, such as a PCR test. Travellers will still be required to take a pre-arrival test, but they can instead opt for a cheaper rapid antigen test.

Travellers will still have to take a test to return, but can opt for a cheaper antigen test

The federal government announced on Tuesday that travellers to Canada will no longer have to take a pre-arrival PCR test when returning home from abroad, as of Feb. 28. (Bertrand Guay/AFP/Getty Images)

Travellers entering Canada will no longer have to take a pre-arrival molecular test — such as a PCR — as of Feb. 28, Health Minister Jean-Yves Duclos announced Tuesday.

Travellers will still be required to take a pre-arrival test, but they can instead opt for an authorized rapid antigen test taken no more than one day before their scheduled flight or arrival at the land border. 

Molecular tests will still be accepted, but antigen tests are typically cheaper and can provide results within minutes. 

Also starting Feb. 28, unvaccinated children under the age of 12 entering Canada with fully vaccinated parents will no longer have to avoid schools, daycare or other crowded settings for 14 days, said Duclos.

Currently, travellers entering Canada must show proof of a negative molecular test taken within 72 hours of their departing flight or planned arrival at the land border. 

Fully vaccinated travellers may also be randomly selected for a PCR test upon arrival. Duclos said its arrival testing program will remain in effect, but, as of Feb. 28, those selected for testing will no longer have to quarantine while waiting for their results. 

Travellers pass through Toronto Pearson International Airport on Dec. 16, 2021. Those travelling will soon be able to opt for a clinic-administered rapid antigen test taken no more than one day before their scheduled flight or arrival at the border. (Evan Mitsui/CBC)

Ottawa will reassess travel measures

The government also announced plans to lift its current advisory against non-essential travel abroad

Duclos said the government is making the changes because of improving pandemic conditions.

"We have passed the peak of the latest wave driven by the Omicron variant," he said.

"In addition, after two years of following individual public health measures, such as getting vaccinated, wearing masks, keeping our distance and staying at home if sick, Canadians know what to do to keep themselves and each other safe."

Duclos added that travel measures could change depending on the direction of the pandemic. 

If conditions continue to improve, he said, further testing measures could be dropped, such as the testing requirement for Canadians visiting the United States for short trips under 72 hours. 

The government made no mention of dropping its rule that air passengers who test positive while abroad must wait at least 10 full days before entering Canada.

"I want to underscore that Canadians should still exercise caution when traveling abroad," said Duclos. "There is still the real risk of becoming sick or stranded."

Travel rules face criticism

Over the past several months, members of the travel industry and some physicians have lobbied the government to nix all testing requirements for fully vaccinated travellers. 

People must pay for their pre-arrival molecular test, which can cost hundreds of dollars. It can also be difficult to get test results within the specified 72 hours, as they typically must be processed in a lab. 

WATCH | Ottawa eases testing requirements for vaccinated travellers entering Canada: 

Canada easing travel restrictions, dropping PCR test requirement

2 years ago
Duration 1:52
As of Feb. 28, fully vaccinated travellers won't need a pre-arrival PCR test to enter Canada and unvaccinated children under 12 won’t need to quarantine. The federal government will also be removing the advisory against non-essential travel.

Meanwhile, the government is spending millions of dollars to randomly test thousands of vaccinated travellers daily upon arrival.

Last week, infectious disease doctor Zain Chagla took part in a news conference where he argued that both the pre- and post-arrival tests are an unnecessary expense, because Omicron has already spread across Canada.

On Tuesday, Chagla said in an interview that allowing travellers to take a rapid antigen test is a step in the right direction, but questioned how useful the less sensitive test will be in preventing the spread of COVID-19. 

"You're likely not going to pick up a ton of cases this way," said Chagla, a professor of medicine at McMaster University in Hamilton. "You'll address a little bit of an extra level of protection for the plane ride, but it certainly won't be a lot."

Infectious disease physician Dr. Zain Chagla said Tuesday that testing travellers is now pointless because of Omicron's ubiquitous spread. (Dr. Zain Chagla)

However, Dr. Prabhat Jha, an epidemiologist at St. Michael's hospital in Toronto, applauded the government's move. He said antigen tests are ideal because they can be done closer to when a traveller begins their journey home.

"Having the testing as close to departure [as possible] is a reasonable strategy and rapid antigen tests actually work quite well for that."

He said that acquiring an antigen test will be more convenient and cheaper for travellers. They typically cost well under $100. 

Snowbird predicts rapid tests will become a hassle

Although the antigen test may be more convenient, Canadian snowbird David Fine said he's not entirely satisfied with the change to the pre-arrival test requirement. 

Fine, who is spending the winter in an RV in Yuma, Ariz., predicts booking an antigen test will still be a hassle when he drives back to Hepworth, Ont., in early April, because thousands of returning snowbirds that month will be booking the same type of test. 

"I was personally disappointed," he said of the government's announcement. "It's going to be hard to find a rapid test."

Canadian snowbirds David and Dianne Fine will be returning to Canada from the U.S. in April. David Fine said the government should trust fully vaccinated Canadian travellers enough not to require testing upon their return. (Submitted by David Fine)

Fine argues that the government should instead entirely nix the pre-arrival test requirement for fully vaccinated travellers. 

"They should trust Canadians, especially the ones who have three vaccines," he said. "We're cautious people."

Some countries, such as the United Kingdom and Denmark, have dropped all test requirements for fully vaccinated travellers. 

The government also announced on Tuesday that, come Feb. 28, international flights will be allowed to land at any international Canadian airport. The government previously barred international flights from landing at some airports due to the pandemic.


Sophia Harris

Business reporter

Based in Toronto, Sophia Harris covers consumer and business for CBC News web, radio and TV. She previously worked as a CBC videojournalist in the Maritimes where she won an Atlantic Journalism Award for her work. Contact:

With files from Ashley Burke and David Cochrane

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