Business

Canada added 15,000 jobs in April, enough to push jobless rate to record-low 5.2%

Canada's economy added 15,300 jobs in April, the third monthly increase in a row after a major hit from Omicron earlier in the year.

This was third monthly increase in a row after major hit from Omicron earlier in 2022

At 5.2 per cent, Canada's jobless rate has never been lower. (Luke Sharrett/Bloomberg)

Canada's economy added 15,300 jobs in April, the third monthly increase in a row after a major hit from the Omicron variant earlier in the year.

Economists had been expecting about 40,000 jobs to be added, and though it was well short of that figure, the data released by Statistics Canada Friday was enough to push the jobless rate down to a new record low of 5.2 per cent.

The jobless rate in March had already hit the lowest level ever on records dating back to 1976, at 5.3 per cent.

Most of the jobs gains came from Alberta and the Atlantic provinces, while the main factor dragging the national number down was a loss of 27,000 jobs in Quebec.

While the total number of jobs inched higher overall, full- and part-time work each went in opposite directions, as the economy lost 32,000 full-time jobs but replaced them with 47,000 part-time ones.

Stephen Brown, an economist with Capital Economics, says the numbers were certainly weaker than hoped, but that weakness may have been caused by temporary factors that have since dissipated.

"The unseasonably cold start to the spring across much of the country may help to explain why construction and retail trade employment weakened, while Statscan reported that the decline in hours worked was largely a result of the spike in coronavirus cases, which caused nearly one in 10 workers to take time off," he said.

WATCH | Economist explains April's jobs numbers: 

Pandemic job losses more than made up, economist says

2 months ago
Duration 4:54
Strong employment levels, household savings put Canadians in a good position to weather inflation, says BMO Capital Markets senior economist Robert Kavcic.

Rising wages

There's certainly evidence to suggest the job market is booming, and workers are moving up the wage scale. In 2018, well before the pandemic, roughly 40 per cent of all Canadian workers earned less than $20 an hour, while only about one in seven earned more than $40.

Today, those ratios are virtually identical, with the proportion of those below $20-an-hour falling to 26 per cent, and the $40-and-up crowd increasing to 24.5 per cent of all workers.

Brendon Bernard, an economist with job search website Indeed, says record-low unemployment and high inflation are causing Canadian workers to look around for higher-paying jobs at a far faster pace than normal.

"Things have definitely shifted towards a job-seekers market," Bernard told CBC News. "That competition for workers means that employers need to be competitive in their hiring practices and practices to attract workers."

In some industries, demand for workers is so acute that many employers say they can't find enough people to fill the jobs they're posting.

Alexandra Hiscox, director of camp operations for Camp Laurus, is shown seated with other staff members making a TikTok video, which the company had found to be a helpful tool for staff recruitment. (Alison Northcott/CBC)

Alexandra Hiscox is director of camp operations at Camp Laurus, a network of 13 summer camps for kids in and around Montreal. Camp Laurus is expecting up to 3,500 campers this year, and will need between 350 and 400 staff to help manage it all.

But with just a couple of weeks until camps open, they've only managed to hire 280 people so far, leaving them about 100 people short.

"It's been extremely difficult this year," Hiscox said in an interview. "I would say we've shifted a lot of our resources to recruiting and hiring, so we've really had to go above and beyond to try and find people."

WATCH | Record-low unemployment rate forces employers to compete for workers: 

Employers compete for staff as demand for workers reaches new high

2 months ago
Duration 1:51
A record-low unemployment rate forces employers to compete for workers as economists expect the labour market to get even tighter.

War for talent

One of those methods is social media, as the company has turned to services like TikTok and Instagram to target the demographic of young workers that they need.

"We're really trying to go out and find people," Hiscox said.

Tu Nguyen, an economist with consultancy RSM Canada says while the total number of jobs added in April was relatively small, they reinforce a continuing trend: "We have an overheated labour market as well as a dwindling labour pool," she said in an interview with CBC News on Friday, "so for employers it is increasingly difficult to find the workers that they need to fill the job vacancies."

"We're getting to a point where there aren't many available workers left that are currently unemployed looking for jobs," she said.

Add some “good” to your morning and evening.

A variety of newsletters you'll love, delivered straight to you.

Sign up now

Comments

To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

Become a CBC Member

Join the conversation  Create account

Already have an account?

now