Fiona's insurance bill could hit $700M — but most damage won't be covered

Post-tropical storm Fiona is well on its way to be the costliest storm ever to hit Atlantic Canada, and most of its financial toll won't be covered by insurance.

Flood damage from storm surges not covered by most insurance policies

Workers remove a tree felled by Hurricane Fiona's winds in Halifax on Monday. Property damage of the variety shown here is likely to be covered by insurance, but that isn't the case for water damage brought about by the storm surge. (Darren Calabrese/Bloomberg)

Post-tropical storm Fiona is well on its way to being the costliest storm to ever hit Atlantic Canada — and most of its financial toll won't be covered by insurance.

Analysts at DBRS Morningstar estimate that the storm, which ripped through Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Eastern Quebec last weekend, caused between $300 million and $700 million worth of insured losses to the local economy.

But that figure is nowhere close to the true cost of the storm, because gaps in the insurance system make it so that most of the damage won't be covered.

While most residential home and property insurance policies typically cover damages from things like strong winds, downed trees and water damage caused from leaky roofs, that isn't the case for the type of flooding caused by storm surges — which were a huge part of Fiona's wrath.

"Sea surge is not covered in most cases," said Marcos Alvarez, the global head of insurance with DBRS Morningstar. "You buy that coverage separately in most of your policies in Canada."

Most people who need it don't have it, however, because it's hard to get and often prohibitively expensive.

That's the situation for David Farrell, a homeowner from Rose Blanche-Harbour le Cou, N.L., who was inside his seaside home when the storm ripped through, leaving it damaged beyond repair.

"I don't have any insurance," he told CBC News of his home of 15 years. "When I bought the place, the home inspector said, 'You live over salt water ... you can't get any.'"

WATCH | Burnt Island resident says his community of mostly seniors, many of whom lost homes, need help: 

'We need a house,' says man whose home was destroyed by Fiona

1 year ago
Duration 5:17
Featured VideoWallace Kinslow, 67, lost his house and almost lost his life when Fiona hit Burnt Island, N.L. 'All I want for me and my wife is to have something we can call home again,' he told CBC News.

He isn't alone in his predicament. On Big Oak Farm in River John, N.S., Enid Schaller has been trying to keep her sheep and chickens safe since the storm ripped through.

"The cost to insure them is just prohibitive," she says of her 200-year-old barn, which had its roof ripped off. "Unless you're like a huge operation, most people don't carry barn insurance."

While she's hopeful of getting some help from government to rebuild, for now she's doing what she can to keep her animals safe. "What are we supposed to do? Just wait and have our animals wandering amongst the wreckage?"

Enid Schaller gestures at what's left of the 200-year-old barn that used to be on her property, before Fiona came. (CBC)

In Prince Edward Island, John Patterson saw heavy winds blow down his family's barn in Stanley Bridge, something he expects will be covered by his insurance. But we worries for neighbours who are likely to get nothing.

"You hope that that will be taken care of by insurance," he told the CBC. "That damage from the storm surge would be insured as well, because that's your livelihood."

While the impact of the storm has been devastating to the local community, Alvarez says it pales in comparison to the financial toll of other natural disasters, such as the wildfire that razed much of Fort McMurray in 2016, and the ice storm that hit Ontario and Quebec in 1998, calamities for which the insurance bill was counted in the billions.

While homeowners are likely to discover that most flood damage isn't covered, businesses in the region will probably be in better shape from an insurance perspective.

"Commercial customers will be more likely to have flood insurance in place," Alvarez said. "It's not only the damage that you will see being covered by insurance ... but also business interruption losses — if they cannot operate or they cannot have access to property for a certain number of days, that will also be covered."

While the industry is trying to adapt to meet the needs of the region, the economics are changing quickly. "While this storm alone is not enough to say climate change is worsening Atlantic Canada's risk exposure to major storms, insurers are likely to be more cautious in the future when modelling catastrophe risk in that region," Alvarez said. 

"The labour shortage and inflation have increased the cost of rebuilding damaged property, which will lead to higher insurance claims. Together, these factors will require insurers to raise premiums to maintain their profit margins in the future."

WATCH | Insurance policies won't cover damages for many Fiona victims:

After Fiona, some Newfoundlanders desperate for financial support

1 year ago
Duration 2:04
Featured VideoFor Newfoundlanders who've lost everything to post-tropical storm Fiona, financial aid can't come quickly enough. Some are finding out the hard way that their insurance policies won't cover the damages, while others are living in hotels wondering what's next.

Much of the damage won't be covered by insurance policies, federal government programs will be there to fill in some of those gaps. But exactly how much is unclear.  

"These kinds of events sadly are going to be more frequent and more destructive," Dominic LeBlanc, the federal Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities, told reporters on Tuesday. "Obviously the government of Canada will be there to share the financial aspect of that compensation."

Gloria Haydock, manager for consumer relations for the Atlantic Region with the Insurance Bureau of Canada, says many in the area are struggling right now for reasons beyond the property damage.

"A roof is a roof, but it's everything inside ... the memories and photographs and everything else," she told CBC News in an interview. "It's a difficult time to get through, especially when you look around and you see the devastation."

That's why even though his home may prove to be uninhabitable, Farrell counts himself among the lucky ones.

"Other poor people are getting nothing," he said. "At least I'm lucky enough to get my belongings and personal stuff."


Pete Evans

Senior Business Writer

Pete Evans is the senior business writer for Prior to coming to the CBC, his work has appeared in the Globe & Mail, the Financial Post, the Toronto Star, and Canadian Business Magazine. Twitter: @p_evans Email:

With files from the CBC's Meegan Read

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