How Mexico is winning the car manufacturing war: Amanda Lang
Car makers are rushing to Mexico to take advantage of much more than cheap labour
Mexico has been on my mind for a couple of years, ever since I met a Canadian entrepreneur who runs a tomato production company in Canada.
He said in passing that his seasonal workers from Mexico out-pick his Canadian workers by a ratio of three to one. "You must pay by the tomato," I guessed, imagining only a financial incentive could create such zeal.
"No," he said, "they all make the same. Some workers are just working harder. They seem to want to."
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Ask most Canadians for their view of Mexico, and you're likely to get two impressions — a longed-for vacation destination in winter or, increasingly, a dangerous and somewhat lawless place.
But there is a third Mexico, and it is one that Canadians ignore at our peril.
Fly into Mexico City, a sprawling world-class capital with some 21 million citizens, and you begin to see another side of the place.
If manufacturing there was equated with poor quality a decade and a half ago, that's no longer the case. Mexico has become a leading destination for manufacturers.
Trade deals — including with the EU — mean shipping from Mexico to Europe, as well as to parts of Asia, can be tariff-free.
There's also the geographical advantage familiar to Canadians: A close proximity to a huge trading partner, the U.S., and especially to its own booming manufacturing belt in the southern states.
The population is becoming increasingly educated and skilled, so firms that used to send only basic assembly work there are happy now to have Mexican plants handle advanced manufacturing.
A weak currency has helped offset natural increases in wages.
And then there's the out-picking phenomenon. It shows up in manufacturing, too — Mexican factories show productivity gains at staggering annual rates, so a business there actually becomes more profitable year after year.
How Mexico bucked the trend
It all adds up to an era of growth and opportunity for Mexico.
And for Canada? So far, especially in auto manufacturing, it has meant devastation. Lost jobs, lost investment, shuttered plants. And with the big auto firms, ultimately also the loss of good high-skilled jobs in related industries, such as parts supplies.
But the story doesn't have to be one of doom for Canada.
Yes, it's hard to compete with a worker who is willing to make $5 an hour. Nobody wants a "race to the bottom" where Canadian workers can't earn a living. But might Canadian workers be satisfied with a slightly lower salary, if it kept the jobs here? As Mexican wages inevitably rise, is it Canada's chance to get back in the fight?
Trade deals here could be completed faster. Our own productivity needs to rise — we aren't nearly as efficient, regardless of the pay differential. But those things are within our control.
Change them, and Canada could have a strong and growing manufacturing base for generations. Rather than watch the slow decline of this part of our economy, we could get moving. Starting with the low-hanging fruit.