Ketchup wars: Heinz defends its image as tariffs kick in on U.S.-made condiment

Kraft Heinz isn’t feeling the love from Canada these days — especially when it comes to its U.S.-made ketchup which now faces Canadian tariffs. As a result, the U.S. food company is trying to change its image north of the border.

U.S.-made imports, including ketchup, face a 10% surtax

Kraft Heinz will get hit with a 10 per cent tariff for items it makes in the U.S. and imports to Canada, including ketchup. (Oli Scarff/Getty Images)

Faced with a 10 per cent tariff on its ketchup and other goods, American food company, Kraft Heinz is opening a new front in Canada's ketchup wars.

Heinz took a public relations beating after moving its ketchup production to the U.S. in 2014, enabling Canadian-made French's ketchup to steal the spotlight. Now the company, which merged with Kraft in 2015, has begun its own PR campaign to highlight its Canadian connections, including the products it still makes in this country. 

"We are a good corporate citizen, and truly part of the Canadian fabric," said Av Maharaj, vice president of corporate affairs for Kraft Heinz Canada, shortly before the tariffs took effect on July 1. 

U.S.-made Heinz ketchup imports will be hit with a 10 per cent tariff, but French's product won't because it's made in Canada. (CBC)

"The tariffs are just making things worse for them and that's why they're reacting," says food industry expert Sylvain Charlebois. However, he believes Kraft Heinz will garner little sympathy as Canada gets embroiled in a trade war with its neighbour.

"It's all about politics — politics are trumping economics," said Charlebois, a professor in food distribution and policy at Dalhousie University in Halifax.

Tariff tit for tat

In response to the U.S. imposing tariffs on Canadian steel and aluminum, Ottawa has levied a 10 per cent tariff on many U.S. consumer imports — including ketchup and other products such as coffee and sauces that Kraft Heinz makes south of the border.

The company argues the tariffs it faces are unwarranted because it produces many other items in Canada, such as cheese and peanut butter, plus it employs more than 2,000 workers in this country

"We don't think the tariffs imposed by Mr. Trump were particularly fair to Canada, and neither do we think that the reciprocal tariffs that were imposed are equally fair," said Maharaj.

Justin Trudeau's Liberal government is imposing $16.6-billion worth of retaliatory tariffs on U.S. products, including many consumer goods. (Evan Vucci/The Associated Press)

To add insult to injury, on Canada Day, Justin Trudeau is scheduled to visit a production plant in Leamington, Ont., that Heinz vacated in 2014. At the time, it laid off 740 workers and threatened the market for local tomato growers by moving its ketchup operations to the U.S.

U.S.-based brand French's benefited, sourcing Leamington-grown tomatoes and eventually setting up production at a Toronto plant to make homegrown ketchup. The move won the hearts of many Canadians while Heinz was seen as the bad guy who skipped town.

Kraft Heinz is now trying to change that image of abandoning the region. "There's some miscommunication out in the media that we left Leamington. We never really did," said Maharaj.

He says after Heinz sold the plant to Highbury Canco, it negotiated deals with the company to produce many of its products for the Canadian market, including canned beans and tomato juice.

"We have been a great partner with them."

Declining sales

Food industry expert, Charlebois says it's a little late in the game for Kraft Heinz to try to put a positive spin on selling the Leamington plant. He suspects the company is speaking out now because it has reached a breaking point. "It feels like an 'enough is enough' kind of campaign."

He has been tracking Kraft Heinz's PR battle in Canada, and says the company contacted him this week for advice on how to control its image.

"If you're doing that, you've got be concerned."

Heinz has good reason for concern — after rival French's ketchup stole the spotlight for sourcing Leamington tomatoes, the lesser-known brand has seen a big boost in sales. 

French's Canadian regional manager, Brooke Gilliford, shows off its plant set up last year in North York, Ont., to produce homegrown ketchup. (Jacqueline Hansen/CBC)

According to market research company, Euromonitor International, from 2016 to 2017, French's Canadian ketchup sales more than doubled to $11.1 million while Heinz's fell by five per cent to $126.4 million.

Canadian tariffs targeting U.S.-made goods will also affect the bottom line for Kraft Heinz.

"It's going to be millions and millions of dollars in tariffs, and so that's a difficult thing for any organization to absorb," said Maharaj.

Regardless, chances are it won't be enough to convince the Canadian government to remove items such as ketchup from its hit list.

Beth Mouratidis in Barrie, Ont., is aiming to buy only Canadian-made products. (submitted by Beth Mouratidis)

Kraft Heinz's messaging may also fail to resonate with Canadians now boycotting U.S.-made products as part of a brewing buy-Canadian campaign to protest U.S.-imposed tariffs. 

Beth Mouratidis refuses to buy Heinz ketchup, among other U.S. goods, but the Barrie, Ont., resident says it's nothing personal against the company. 

Instead, she says she's taking a stand to send a message to the U.S. to drop tariffs on Canadian products.

"If enough people jump on the bandwagon, American businesses will suffer somewhat," she said. 

"That's the only way they will put pressure on their government to say, 'Hey, we're hurting, you need to stop this.'"

Sen. Patrick Toomey of Pennsylvania says Kraft Heinz could fix its tariff problems by moving production back to Canada. (YouTube)

Last week at a Senate hearing, Republican Sen. Patrick Toomey of Pennsylvania, where Kraft Heinz is partly based, expressed concern over how the ketchup tariffs will hurt the company. He also offered a suggestion how it could fix its woes. 

"The solution for them to be able to continue to sell their product in Canada would be to shut down their U.S. factory and move to Canada," he said.


Sophia Harris

Business reporter

Sophia Harris covers business and consumer news. Contact:


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