Retailers foresee holiday joy — even as Poloz looks to hold line on rates: Don Pittis

While everyone else cuts interest rates to boost investment and spending, so far, most Canadians seem not to need the extra stimulus.

While the world cuts interest rates, the Bank of Canada likely won't if we keep shopping

The latest GDP figures indicate that neither real estate sales nor consumer spending need a boost from lower rates. And a bout of snowy weather often puts consumers in a holiday shopping mood. (Don Pittis/CBC)

South of the border, there was much hand-wringing that a shortened holiday spending season this year just wouldn't give our American cousins enough time to shop till they drop.

According to some retail analysts, a late Thanksgiving meant a late Black Friday, viewed as the starting gun for the U.S. Christmas spending frenzy.

Of course, Canadians celebrate Thanksgiving a month earlier and don't quite have that same special Friday to shop, shop, shop. But there is reason to think the season of retail therapy that is also a phenomenon here will give Bank of Canada governor Stephen Poloz one less reason to cut interest rates.

Most analysts expect Poloz to hold rates steady at 1.75 per cent tomorrow, and sturdy consumer spending is part of the rationale.

In a spending mood

Figures released last week show that despite an overall decline to 1.3 per cent in Canadian GDP, housing, consumer activity, construction and business investment were all holding up well.

Exports were down, but that could be partly blamed on a leaky pipeline that interrupted oil shipments and a General Motors strike that reduced the need for Canadian parts.

Final holiday retail figures don't come out till the new year, but there are several signs Canadians remain in a spending mood. And that's despite Retail Council of Canada research that shows 18 per cent of Canadians plan to spend less than they have in the past.

Clearly, what you say to someone taking a survey doesn't always pan out.

Figures from last year show more than one-quarter (27%) of those surveyed ended up spending more in 2018 than they had planned. Only six per cent spent less.

Overall spending is expected to rise substantially in 2019, says the council's Michael LeBlanc.

Anticipation of a good holiday shopping season can persuade retailers to hire more staff to help with the December rush. (Don Pittis/CBC)

According to Statistics Canada, consumer spending picked up in the three-month period ending in October. We can't be certain that consumer optimism will continue, but a long run of job creation and growing wages seem to point in that direction.

Certainly, analysis from Adobe Analytics shows that fears of a short U.S. shopping season seems to have only increased appetite for a consumption binge, as shoppers spent record amounts online.

In the U.S. too consumer spending has been one of the mainstays of the economy, even as trade and business investment weakened.

While frigid weather and storms can drive people away from the shops, a layer of snow — like what landed on parts of the country this week — seems to stimulate the holiday shopping impulse.

Keeping the economy afloat

A spendy holiday season is important to retailers, those who invest in them, and to people who worry whether consumers can keep the economy afloat for a few more months as we wait for what some foresee as an economic revival. A rule of thumb says that one-quarter of overall retail sales during the entire year come in the days before Christmas as people splurge on themselves and others.

There are signs that so long as housing remains on the rise and consumers keep spending, Poloz will be in no mood to cut Canada's interest rates. As he and his deputy, Carolyn Wilkins, have warned in the past, lower rates that make borrowing cheaper may not be good for Canadians, who, as a group, have already borrowed too much.

Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz and his deputy Carolyn Wilkins will not be speaking to reporters after tomorrow's interest rate announcement; it will be a paper release only. (Blair Gable/Reuters)

If the next round of stimulus must come from fiscal spending, as the OECD has suggested, Poloz may decide to delay rate cuts well into the new year to see what impact government spending will have. (Thursday's speech from the throne may give a better idea of fiscal spending to come.)

Some economists have said that if Friday's unemployment numbers show us that the recent trend toward more jobs and fewer jobless is interrupted, it may be the first sign that the Canadian economy really does need a rate cut. So far, retail bank economists have offered wildly different predictions on whether the economy will gain or lose employment this time around. 

And in the way that economies are recognized as self-reinforcing, expectations of a bumper holiday retail season will help contribute to economic strength — particularly as retailers shake the branches for extra staff in an economy where workers are, so far, still in short supply.

Follow Don on Twitter @don_pittis


Don Pittis

Business columnist

Based in Toronto, Don Pittis is a business columnist and senior producer for CBC News. Previously, he was a forest firefighter, and a ranger in Canada's High Arctic islands. After moving into journalism, he was principal business reporter for Radio Television Hong Kong before the handover to China. He has produced and reported for the CBC in Saskatchewan and Toronto and the BBC in London.


To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.

Become a CBC Member

Join the conversation  Create account

Already have an account?