Despite early COVID-19 rebates, car insurance rates have risen during pandemic and are set to rise more
Existing policy holders received rebate cheques, but drivers seeking new policies saw higher average prices
Despite highly publicized rebates from companies in the early days of the pandemic, rates for new car insurance policies have risen during COVID-19 and are set to increase even more soon, a new report suggests.
According to financial technology firm LowestRates.ca, the cost of car insurance climbed between April and June for most drivers in the market for a new policy in parts of the country where rates aren't heavily regulated. That's despite moves in March and April by a number of insurers to offer COVID rebates on bills, to reduce monthly premiums to people who were driving less because of lockdowns.
The Insurance Bureau of Canada (IBC) said in statement to CBC News that its members paid out more than $750 million worth of rebate cheques and reduced premiums in the first three months of the pandemic, a figure the group calls "real, tangible support for Canadians who are focused on supporting their families and businesses during this uncertain time."
But even as many existing policy holders were getting rebate cheques or negotiating lower premiums in exchange for reduced coverage because they were driving less, drivers seeking new insurance policies were being quoted higher prices on the whole, according to LowestRates.ca.
And rates are poised to keep rising because of conditions that predate the pandemic, the company says.
CBC has reported previously on the deluge of drivers who signed up for COVID discounts, only to discover they didn't amount to much or came with all kinds of fine print.
Premiums have not been changing in the same way or by the same amount everywhere. Drivers in Alberta have seen their premiums skyrocket of late, but that's mainly because of a situation that predates the pandemic. The previous, NDP government put a cap on the amount that insurers were allowed to raise rates by, but the current Conservative government removed that law last year, and rates have marched steadily higher ever since — up 24 per cent on average.
Justin Thouin, president of LowestRates.ca, said in an interview that the previous government's policy of keeping insurance rates artificially low left insurers in "a place where they were losing money in many cases on drivers, so a number have left the market. Rates are going to continue to go up like this while there's no competition. It's going to be very difficult for Alberta drivers," he said.
Regulatory changes aren't the only thing to blame. Despite fewer people on the roads for a time, Thouin says there's an uptick in accidents caused by distracted driving. And modern technology on cars is making them safer, but also more expensive to fix when they get into accidents.
Prices in Ontario have also risen, but not by as much. Ontarians pay some of the highest prices in Canada for insurance, but premiums had been trending lower for several quarters before rising by two percentage points during the quarter when COVID began.
Despite healthy competition, the insurance industry blames higher than normal incidences of insurance fraud for part of why rates are higher in Ontario.
Thouin said that despite rebates, COVID-19 may have helped cause the uptick in rates because large numbers of people gave up using public transit in favour of driving.
The IBC says one of the biggest questions facing the industry is how and when drivers' commutes return to anything approaching normal.
"The biggest unknown at this point is whether when returning to the workplace ... drivers will return to public transit, or if there will be an increase in driving," the IBC said. "Despite the fact that Canada has recovered a majority of the jobs lost, public transit use remains very low. This could lead to increased driving, and higher claims."
Drivers John and Cara Dekker of Hawkesbury, Ont., had their car insurance up for renewal in May, and they were shocked to discover that their premium was set to go up by more than $500 a year, despite a clean driving record and much less driving because of the pandemic.
The couple both work in Quebec and normally each put in a 130-kilometre daily commute in separate cars, so they likely pay more in insurance to begin with than most Canadians do.
But like many, they have been working from home a lot more of late, so hoped they might be able to pay less to insure their two cars. Then their insurer said their monthly bill would jump from $245.07 to $293.69.
That's an increase of 20 per cent or more than $583 a year. "In light of COVID, in light of our cars being a year older ... we couldn't understand why we would even get an increase," Cara said. "They couldn't really give us a definite answer as to why" she said. "It didn't seem to be in line with what we've been hearing on the market that insurance rates have been ... going down."
In Atlantic Canada, rates peaked in the last quarter of 2019 before declining, but average premiums in Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, P.E.I., and New Brunswick are still up by more than 13 per cent compared to where they were a year ago.
Thouin says data from other parts of the country were not included in the report because they are regulated to some degree, which means Alberta, Ontario and Atlantic Canada account for a majority of Canada's private auto insurance market.
There was also some difference between age groups. Young drivers didn't have much success getting lower rates because they are still deemed to be higher risk. But older drivers, especially those over 45, did get some deals if they reduced their mileage, cut their daily commute or otherwise scaled back their coverage.
Ultimately, Thouin says insurance companies have been raising their rates because they aren't as profitable as they anticipated.
The IBC says the industry wants to make the system more affordable for consumers, but adds that their costs were rising, even before the advent of COVID-19.
"There were various factors contributing to increases in auto insurance premiums prior to COVID, including increasing bodily injury claims costs, more sophisticated technology in vehicles caused claims costs to increase, and the increase in severe weather events," the IBC said. "These factors were occurring before the pandemic and these trends remain the same now."
Regardless of where people live, Thouin's advice of how to get the best deal is simple: keep a clean driving record, don't get any tickets and pay your bill on time to avoid a penalty "that can follow you around for years."
And like anything else, it pays to shop around. "It's really necessary for you to compare your options [because] the company that is cheapest and best for you one year is likely not the best for you next year."
The Dekkers say they plan to do just that from now on.
"It's more about the principle than the $48 a month," John says.