Entertainment

Artists use innovation to take on Beijing smog

While people in Beijing continue to make their way through another smog red alert, some artists are trying to show another way, challenging China's authorities in the process.

Red alert issued for 2nd time this month over air quality in Chinese city

Kong Ning wears a wedding dress decorated with 999 face masks for her performance art work 'Marry the blue sky.' Chinese authorities blocked web photos of her wearing the 10-metre-long wedding dress in public. (Kim Kyung-Hoon/Reuters)

While Beijing residents are wheezing through a second smog red alert this month, they could contemplate the works artists are creating to alert them to the air pollution dangers.

Chinese artists have created many such works and now a well-known Dutch artist and designer hopes to have a work installed soon in Beijing that will also have a practical impact.

Daan Roosegaarde wants to install his "smog-free tower" in Beijing's parks and playgrounds.

Artist and designer Daan Roosegaarde holds a plastic bag containing the pollutants captured in a day by his smog-free tower that he plans to install in Beijing. (Roosegaarde Studio)

His first tower operates near his studio in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and he is awaiting Beijing's approval to start installing towers there. 

The seven-metre towers will use the same ionization process deployed in some European hospital air purifiers to remove pollutants from outdoor air. 

"We just sort of scaled-up and made the largest one in the world," he told CBC News, adding the idea was inspired by Beijing's smog.

By blowing fresh air out its sides, creating a high-pressure zone, he says the tower will create a clean-air bubble so kids can play outside, for example.

What Roosegaarde really wants is to use his international recognition — he's been profiled in the New York Times, Slate and the U.K. newspaper The Guardian — to help build and inspire "the smog-free movement, to make sure the smog-free towers aren't necessary any more."

Daan Roosegaarde's first smog-free tower was installed near his studio in Rotterdam, the Netherlands in 2015. (Roosegaarde Studio)

He says that if the smog problem in Beijing can be solved, then New Delhi, Mexico City and other places will be easy.

"Beijing can also turn it around as a sign of innovation rather than something they are ashamed of," he says.

Vacuuming up Beijing's air pollutants

On a smaller scale, Chinese performance artist Wang Renzheng started going around Beijing with an industrial vacuum cleaner in July, hoovering up city air. 

Wang, who performs using the name Nut Brother, wrapped up his "Dust Project" in December by producing a brick from the pollutants his vacuum had sucked up. 

Chinese artist Wang Renzheng spent four hours per day for 100 days vacuuming the Beijing air with an industrial vacuum cleaner. (Mark Schiefelbein/Associated Press)

The project went viral in China, coincidentally reaching its climax during the first red alert earlier this month. 

"This is not an issue to be ignored, and I want to magnify it so much that you cannot ignore it," Wang says.

Renzheng holds up a brick into which he baked the dust and pollutants he vacuumed from the air in Beijing. (Wang Renzheng/Associated Press)

Last year, as part of a performance art work, 20 artists wearing dust masks played dead at Beijing's ancient Temple of Heaven. The former imperial sacrificial altar is now a top tourist attraction, making it it a risky act of protest.

Beijing-based artist Matt Hope, originally from the U.K., created a "breathing bicycle" to ride around the city and "make people think about the problem."

Artist Matt Hope rides his 'breathing bicycle' artwork past the China Central Television building in Beijing on March 26, 2013. (Petar Kujundzic/Reuters)

To create his work, he used a perforated garbage can, moped helmet, fighter-pilot breathing mask, wheel-powered generator and home air filtration system.

Hope described his work as "a ridiculous solution for a ridiculous problem."



Life imitates art (again)

As often happens, life is imitating art, this time with a Canadian connection. In recent days, media around the world have carried stories about Alberta-based Vitality Air, a start-up selling what it describes as bottles of Lake Louise or Banff air, starting at $21.50 each in China.

Vitality's sales started to take off in late November, peaking during the early December red alert, according to the company's China representative, Harrison Wang. With Beijing's air once again very unhealthy or worse, sales could more than double this week but the company is out of stock for the moment.

Beijing artist Liang Kegang poses with a jar of fresh air collected in Provence, France, in an art gallery in Beijing, China, on April 5, 2014. The jar of air has fetched $860 in a small auction as a piece of conceptual art to protest Beijing's choking pollution. (The Associated Press)

Last year, well-known Beijing artist Liang Kegang bottled some air in France and it sold in Beijing for $1,130.

Liang put his air in a flip-top, rubber-sealed preserves jar, added some labels and delivered  it to a group auction of works by about 100 artists. "This is my way to question China's foul air and express my dissatisfaction," he said.

Li Yongzheng, the winning bidder, said afterwards, "I have always been appreciative of Kegang's conceptual art, and this piece was very timely."

The Associated Press described the work as "part of a gust of recent artistic protest — and entrepreneurial gimmickry — reflecting widespread dissatisfaction over air quality in China."

Dress for smog

A year ago, around Beijing, artist Kong Ning wore a 10-metre-long wedding gown she made using 999 white dust masks. During the first red alert, she wore newer creations, hoping to raise awareness of the health risks of smog.

Police officers check performance artist Kong Ning, who's wearing a wedding gown with glowing red lights and stop signs to raise awareness of the smog enveloping Beijing, on Dec. 9, 2015. (Ng Han Guan/Associated Press)

With the especially thick air of recent weeks, some artists have taken to taking photos of Beijing landmarks heavily shrouded in the unhealthy haze, adding an outline of the landmark to the photo and then posting it on social media.

Other photographers post images on social media showing scenes on a clear day, matched with a heavily polluted day.

Maps for air quality apps, now popular in Beijing, that provide current pollution data, could provide artists with new source material for taking on the smog.


'Airpocalypse' grips Beijing

With files from the Associated Press and Reuters

Comments

To encourage thoughtful and respectful conversations, first and last names will appear with each submission to CBC/Radio-Canada's online communities (except in children and youth-oriented communities). Pseudonyms will no longer be permitted.

By submitting a comment, you accept that CBC has the right to reproduce and publish that comment in whole or in part, in any manner CBC chooses. Please note that CBC does not endorse the opinions expressed in comments. Comments on this story are moderated according to our Submission Guidelines. Comments are welcome while open. We reserve the right to close comments at any time.