Unlike many countries around the world, there is no formalized ban on using chimpanzees for research in Canada. However, our research found no evidence of chimpanzees being used in Canadian research.

The use of animals in research in Canada is regulated by the Canadian Council on Animal Care in Science. It’s the national peer review agency that’s responsible for “setting and maintaining standards for the care and use of animals in science.” The list of animals the organization oversees includes marine mammals, farm animals, rodents, rabbits, cats, dogs,and non-human primates. The CCAC has told The Nature of Things that, to their knowledge, “no chimpanzee has been used for scientific purposes in Canada before or since [the CCAC’s] creation in 1968.”

The CCAC also says that, “Under the Constitution Act 1867, the federal government does not have the jurisdiction to legislate with respect to experiments involving animals - this falls under provincial jurisdiction.”

And in Canada today no province bans research on chimpanzees.

What's Happening in Other Countries
  • United Kingdom has eliminated licenses for great ape research.
  • New Zealand, The Netherlands, Sweden, Austria and Belgium have all banned great ape research.
  • Australia has limits on great ape research.
  • Japan has ended invasive chimpanzee research.
  • Spain has granted great apes legal rights.
  • The European Union  has banned the use of great apes in research, with some conditions.
  • The United States remains the last last large-scale user of chimpanzees for research.

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