WATCH — Why can’t Russia compete as a country at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics?

Story by CBC Kids News • Published 2021-07-27 10:46

The story behind the ROC

Have you seen the letters R-O-C popping up at the top of the medal count boards at this year’s Olympic Games?

Have you wondered what it stands for?

It’s not the short form for a country. In fact, it’s a compromise between the IOC — the International Olympic Committee — and a nation that got into some hot water for disobeying some pretty serious sports rules.

Abigail Dove explains the shocking story behind ROC

It’s the story of how one country managed to get caught in a sports cheating scandal that shocked the world.

Watch the latest Kids News Explains video to learn who the ROC are and why.

In this video:

The Refugee Olympic Team

The ROC isn’t the only odd team code you may have noticed.

The EOR is the code for another non-nation team, the Refugee Olympic Team. The code is based on the French name: Equipe Olympique des Réfugiés.

Refugees are people who had to leave their home countries to escape war, violence, conflict or persecution, according to the United Nations.

The opening ceremony flag bearers for the EOR were swimmer Yusra Mardini and marathon runner Tachlowini Gabriyesos. Mardini fled Syria due to the civil war. Gabriyesos left Eritrea when he was 12. He hasn’t seen his family in eight years. (Image credit: Franck Fife/AFP/Getty Images)

The EOR team in Tokyo is made up of 29 athletes to compete across 12 different sports.

The athletes currently live and train in a variety of host countries, including Canada.

This is the second time the EOR has been represented at the Olympics. The first time was at the 2016 Rio Olympics.

Day 4 highlights

Day 4 in pictures

Members of Canada’s women’s softball team embraced after their bronze win. Softball will not be returning to the Olympics in 2024. (Image credit: Yuichi Masuda/Getty Images)

Flora Duffy had a lot to smile about as she ran across the finish line of the women’s triathlon. In that moment she won her country of Bermuda’s first Olympic gold ever. (Image credit: Cameron Spencer/Getty Images)

Surfers like Brazil’s Italo Ferreira (pictured) battled intense waves during the men’s shortboard gold medal final. Ferreira would go on to win that Olympic gold, the first ever awarded in this debut Olympic event. On the women’s side, American Carissa Moore won the gold. (Image credit: Yuki Iwamura/AFP/Getty Images)

Japanese superstar Naomi Osaka was knocked out of the women’s singles tennis tournament by Marketa Vondrousove of Czech Republic. Osaka is currently ranked second in the world. Australia's Ash Barty and Aryna Sabalenka of Belarus have also lost, which means the top three women in the world won't be playing for a medal. (Image credit: David Ramos/Getty Images)

New Kids News Olympics content every day

CBC Kids News will be covering the Olympics every day until the closing ceremony on Aug. 8.

Some of the key events to look forward to on July 28 include both the men’s and women’s bronze and gold medal 3X3 basketball games.

Plus, the opening round of baseball and men’s golf.

Check back tomorrow to learn even more about the Tokyo 2020 Games.

With files from Christine Rankin, Devin Heroux/CBC
TOP IMAGE CREDIT: Patrick Smith/Getty Images, design by Philip Street

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