WATCH — Canada’s treaties have shaped our country. Here’s what you need to know

Arjun Ram
Story by Arjun Ram and CBC Kids News • Published 2022-09-27 14:24

Much more than just written documents


Every week, CBC Kids News takes a deep dive into a topic that everyone’s talking about. Click the video above or below for this week’s KN Explains.


Treaties between Indigenous peoples and the Crown are one of the foundational backbones of this country.

And the practice of making treaties between Indigenous peoples stretches back before Canada became a country, before European settlers even arrived in North America.

In the written treaties, recorded by the Canadian government, or the Crown (British Empire) before it, there is language that describes the handing over of land by Indigenous people.

But many Indigenous people across the country say that was not the deal, and their own records say they agreed that the land would be “shared,” not given away.

As important as these treaties are to Canada, there is nothing simple about them.

There’s a lot to unbox here. But don’t worry, we’ve got you. KN Explains:

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TOP IMAGE CREDIT: Archives of Ontario, National Museum of History with graphic design by Philip Street

About the Contributor

Arjun Ram
Arjun Ram
CBC Kids News Contributor
Arjun Ram is a Grade 11 French immersion student from Hamilton, Ont., with many diverse interests such as sports, music and math. Arjun has developed an interest in reporting on social and political issues as well as important developments in the area of professional sports. He hopes to one day work as a news anchor for CBC.

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