White Paper / Red Paper, Part 1 & 2 (Listen)

In 1969, the government of Canada introduced a White Paper that proposed to eliminate native status. It argued that "the separate legal status of Indians... have kept the Indian people apart from and behind other Canadians." In a dramatic move on Parliament Hill on June 4, 1970, two chiefs rejected it. Meeting with the entire federal cabinet, they presented counter proposals in a document called Citizens Plus, more commonly known as The Red Paper. IDEAS producer Kathleen Flaherty tracks the events leading up to each document and how they have affected the relationship between the federal government and aboriginal people.

Listen to Part 1

Listen to Part 2

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