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The Red River Resistance
(includes activity)
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LESSON 24: The Red River Resistance
(includes activity)

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This lesson corresponds to material found in:
Episode 9 From Sea to Sea

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Backgrounder and Activity

This activity focuses on the three chapters from Episode 9 entitled War Is Upon Us, A Single Act of Severity and Tie the Oceans Together.


In 1869, Canada decided to expand its territory westward. The young country acquired the Northwest Territory, which belonged to the Hudson's Bay Company at the time. The implications of this transaction worried the region's inhabitants, who were mostly Métis. Most Métis lived in the Red River colony, near present-day Winnipeg. They formed an ad hoc government presided over by Louis Riel, a 24-year-old Métis. In 1870, Riel negotiated the entry of a new province into Confederation - Manitoba - which would be bilingual. Riel, was forced into exile in the United States when Canada sent troops into Manitoba to terminate his government.

Activity: Political Cartoon

Challenge students to create a political cartoon illustrating one of the following:

  • William McDougall's proclamation of the takeover of Hudson's Bay Company lands by Canada
  • The court of the Provisional Government condemning Thomas Scott
  • Macdonald condemning Riel publicly while quietly paying him to leave Canada
  • Wolseley's takeover of the Red River settlements

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    Lesson Plans
    Episode 1
    When the World Began...
    Lesson 1 Canada's First Peoples
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 2 Stories of Creation
    Lesson 3 Cartier and Donnacona

    Episode 2
    Adventures and Mystics
    Lesson 4 The Beginning of the Fur Trade
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 5 The Jesuits and the Huron
    Lesson 6 Immigration to New France

    Episode 3
    Claiming the Wilderness
    Lesson 7 Expansion to the Gulf of Mexico
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 8 The Expulsion of the Acadians

    Episode 4
    Battle for a Continent
    Lesson 9 Before the Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 10 The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 11 The Quebec Act
    (includes activity)

    Episode 5
    A Question of Loyalties
    Lesson 12 Conflict in Quebec, 1775
    Lesson 13 United Empire Loyalists
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 14 Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh

    Episode 6
    The Pathfinders
    Lesson 15 The Fur Trade in Canada
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 16 The Selkirk Settlers
    Lesson 17 The Gold Rush

    Episode 7
    Rebellion and Reform
    Lesson 18 The Rebellions of 1837
    Lesson 19 Union of the Canadas
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 20 A Land of Hope

    Episode 8
    The Great Enterprise
    Lesson 21 Newcomers to Canada
    Lesson 22 The Making of Confederation
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 23 Confederation in the Maritimes

    Episode 9
    From Sea to Sea
    Lesson 24 The Red River Resistance
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 25 The Pacific Scandal

    Episode 10
    Taking the West
    Lesson 26 The North-West Rebellion
    Lesson 27 The Trial of Louis Riel
    Lesson 28 Macdonald's National Dream

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