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Confederation in the Maritimes
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LESSON 23: Confederation in the Maritimes

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This lesson corresponds to material found in:
Episode 8 The Great Enterprise

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Backgrounder

In Nova Scotia, there was strong opposition to Confederation. Many in the 330,000-inhabitant colony felt there was no need to unite with other colonies, fearing the loss of its political autonomy. In New Brunswick, opposition was so strong that the pro-confederation government was ousted by the electorate. Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island refused to accept the Confederation agreement.

The debate was settled in London in late 1866, early 1867. During a final meeting, delegates from the United Canada (Quebec and Ontario), New Brunswick and Nova Scotia agreed to present the British North America Act for approval by the British Parliament. The law was ratified quickly. Queen Victoria granted it royal sanction on March 29, 1867. The Dominion of Canada would be brought into being on July 1, 1867.

The BNAA contained 146 articles; it was the first Constitution of a new country - Canada. The nation's first Prime Minister was John A. Macdonald, head of the Conservative Party. The fledgling country would soon face new challenges.

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    Lesson Plans
    Episode 1
    When the World Began...
    Lesson 1 Canada's First Peoples
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 2 Stories of Creation
    Lesson 3 Cartier and Donnacona

    Episode 2
    Adventures and Mystics
    Lesson 4 The Beginning of the Fur Trade
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 5 The Jesuits and the Huron
    Lesson 6 Immigration to New France

    Episode 3
    Claiming the Wilderness
    Lesson 7 Expansion to the Gulf of Mexico
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 8 The Expulsion of the Acadians

    Episode 4
    Battle for a Continent
    Lesson 9 Before the Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 10 The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 11 The Quebec Act
    (includes activity)

    Episode 5
    A Question of Loyalties
    Lesson 12 Conflict in Quebec, 1775
    Lesson 13 United Empire Loyalists
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 14 Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh

    Episode 6
    The Pathfinders
    Lesson 15 The Fur Trade in Canada
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 16 The Selkirk Settlers
    Lesson 17 The Gold Rush

    Episode 7
    Rebellion and Reform
    Lesson 18 The Rebellions of 1837
    Lesson 19 Union of the Canadas
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 20 A Land of Hope

    Episode 8
    The Great Enterprise
    Lesson 21 Newcomers to Canada
    Lesson 22 The Making of Confederation
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 23 Confederation in the Maritimes

    Episode 9
    From Sea to Sea
    Lesson 24 The Red River Resistance
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 25 The Pacific Scandal

    Episode 10
    Taking the West
    Lesson 26 The North-West Rebellion
    Lesson 27 The Trial of Louis Riel
    Lesson 28 Macdonald's National Dream

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