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A Land of Hope
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LESSON 20: A Land of Hope

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This lesson corresponds to material found in:
Episode 7 Rebellion and Reform

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Backgrounder

In the early 19th century, the fur trade was in trouble. However, a new economic sector was in full bloom in Upper and Lower Canada - the lumber industry. Around 1800, England began importing wood from Canada. In 1806, when Napoleon's embargo prevented Great Britain from accessing supplies in Europe, the country increased imports from its colonies. In a few years, the lumber industry underwent major expansion in Canada. In fact, lumber drove the economy. Entire forests in the St. Lawrence valley, the Ottawa region and in New Brunswick were razed, and Quebec became a major shipbuilding center.

At the end of the Napoleonic wars, a wave of immigrants poured into Canada. Thousands left Europe in search of a better life. Nearly 30,000 immigrants, mostly from the British Isles, disembarked annually at Quebec. Since almost all the land in Lower Canada was already occupied, most immigrants undertook the long journey to Upper Canada, which was then experiencing the strongest demographic growth in the British empire.

Numbering approximately 500,000 inhabitants, Lower Canada remained the most populous colony in British North America. By this time, French Canadians had lived along the shores of the St. Lawrence and its tributaries for almost two hundred years. Demographic growth combined with scarcity of available land caused tension between inhabitants and seigneurs. The latter were less influential than they had been. They had been replaced by a new elite: the French-Canadian bourgeoisie, the most influential of whom sat in the Assembly of Lower Canada.

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    Lesson Plans
    Episode 1
    When the World Began...
    Lesson 1 Canada's First Peoples
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 2 Stories of Creation
    Lesson 3 Cartier and Donnacona

    Episode 2
    Adventures and Mystics
    Lesson 4 The Beginning of the Fur Trade
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 5 The Jesuits and the Huron
    Lesson 6 Immigration to New France

    Episode 3
    Claiming the Wilderness
    Lesson 7 Expansion to the Gulf of Mexico
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 8 The Expulsion of the Acadians

    Episode 4
    Battle for a Continent
    Lesson 9 Before the Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 10 The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 11 The Quebec Act
    (includes activity)

    Episode 5
    A Question of Loyalties
    Lesson 12 Conflict in Quebec, 1775
    Lesson 13 United Empire Loyalists
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 14 Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh

    Episode 6
    The Pathfinders
    Lesson 15 The Fur Trade in Canada
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 16 The Selkirk Settlers
    Lesson 17 The Gold Rush

    Episode 7
    Rebellion and Reform
    Lesson 18 The Rebellions of 1837
    Lesson 19 Union of the Canadas
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 20 A Land of Hope

    Episode 8
    The Great Enterprise
    Lesson 21 Newcomers to Canada
    Lesson 22 The Making of Confederation
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 23 Confederation in the Maritimes

    Episode 9
    From Sea to Sea
    Lesson 24 The Red River Resistance
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 25 The Pacific Scandal

    Episode 10
    Taking the West
    Lesson 26 The North-West Rebellion
    Lesson 27 The Trial of Louis Riel
    Lesson 28 Macdonald's National Dream

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