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Conflict in Quebec, 1775
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LESSON 12: Conflict in Quebec, 1775

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This lesson corresponds to material found in:
Episode 5 A Question of Loyalties

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Backgrounder

The Quebec Act of 1774 expanded the territory of the Province of Quebec as far as the Ohio Valley where the economy of the fur trade could continue to grow. But the Act enraged Americans - the extended borders sealed off the West to further American expansion. As well, the Act recognized the seigneurial system and French civil law, and established a Legislative Council appointed by the Governor that could make laws with his consent.

The Americans wanted nothing less than an elected government. From the early 1770s, American propaganda denouncing British tyranny and proclaiming people's rights and liberties was circulated in Quebec. American agents roamed the countryside appealing to colonists to join their cause.

The thirteen American colonies formed the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. In September 1775, they appointed George Washington commander of their army. They passed a resolution to invade the Province of Quebec to expel the British from North America. As soon as the news reached Quebec, clergy and seigneurs incited inhabitants to defend the colony against the rebels. But the population, both English and French, remained generally neutral - the English because they were still furious about the Quebec Act, and the French because they considered this an English war.

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    Lesson Plans
    Episode 1
    When the World Began...
    Lesson 1 Canada's First Peoples
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 2 Stories of Creation
    Lesson 3 Cartier and Donnacona

    Episode 2
    Adventures and Mystics
    Lesson 4 The Beginning of the Fur Trade
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 5 The Jesuits and the Huron
    Lesson 6 Immigration to New France

    Episode 3
    Claiming the Wilderness
    Lesson 7 Expansion to the Gulf of Mexico
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 8 The Expulsion of the Acadians

    Episode 4
    Battle for a Continent
    Lesson 9 Before the Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 10 The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 11 The Quebec Act
    (includes activity)

    Episode 5
    A Question of Loyalties
    Lesson 12 Conflict in Quebec, 1775
    Lesson 13 United Empire Loyalists
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 14 Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh

    Episode 6
    The Pathfinders
    Lesson 15 The Fur Trade in Canada
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 16 The Selkirk Settlers
    Lesson 17 The Gold Rush

    Episode 7
    Rebellion and Reform
    Lesson 18 The Rebellions of 1837
    Lesson 19 Union of the Canadas
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 20 A Land of Hope

    Episode 8
    The Great Enterprise
    Lesson 21 Newcomers to Canada
    Lesson 22 The Making of Confederation
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 23 Confederation in the Maritimes

    Episode 9
    From Sea to Sea
    Lesson 24 The Red River Resistance
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 25 The Pacific Scandal

    Episode 10
    Taking the West
    Lesson 26 The North-West Rebellion
    Lesson 27 The Trial of Louis Riel
    Lesson 28 Macdonald's National Dream

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