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The Expulsion of the Acadians
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LESSON 8: The Expulsion of the Acadians

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This lesson corresponds to material found in:
Episode 3 Claiming the Wilderness

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In the early 18th century, peace reigned in New France. This encouraged economic development in all of France's territories across the continent. Fisheries on the banks of Newfoundland and the fur trade were in full bloom. The population established along the shores of the St. Lawrence grew quickly after the hard years of war and disease. In 1700, New France had 15,000 inhabitants; in 1750, it boasted 50,000.

In the cities of New France, a new society was taking shape. Aristocrats, military men, artisans and farmers populated the country. Many inhabitants were born in Canada and distanced themselves from French traditions. They were increasingly "Canadian", and formed a distinct society in their homeland.

France ceded Acadia to Britain in 1713, when the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht ended the Spanish War of Succession. The Acadians became British subjects and in 1730 agreed to take an oath of allegiance to the king of England that nevertheless preserved their military neutrality. In 1755, Charles Lawrence, governor of the colony, demanded they take a new oath cancelling the neutrality clause. The Acadians refused. Lawrence decided to deport them, confiscating their land and livestock. In the summer and fall of 1755, he carried out what was then called "le grand dérangement" - the deportation of the Acadians from Nova Scotia. Nearly 10,000 people were exiled.

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    Episode 1
    When the World Began...
    Lesson 1 Canada's First Peoples
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 2 Stories of Creation
    Lesson 3 Cartier and Donnacona

    Episode 2
    Adventures and Mystics
    Lesson 4 The Beginning of the Fur Trade
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 5 The Jesuits and the Huron
    Lesson 6 Immigration to New France

    Episode 3
    Claiming the Wilderness
    Lesson 7 Expansion to the Gulf of Mexico
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 8 The Expulsion of the Acadians

    Episode 4
    Battle for a Continent
    Lesson 9 Before the Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 10 The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 11 The Quebec Act
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    Episode 5
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    Lesson 12 Conflict in Quebec, 1775
    Lesson 13 United Empire Loyalists
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    Lesson 14 Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh

    Episode 6
    The Pathfinders
    Lesson 15 The Fur Trade in Canada
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 16 The Selkirk Settlers
    Lesson 17 The Gold Rush

    Episode 7
    Rebellion and Reform
    Lesson 18 The Rebellions of 1837
    Lesson 19 Union of the Canadas
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    Lesson 20 A Land of Hope

    Episode 8
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    Lesson 21 Newcomers to Canada
    Lesson 22 The Making of Confederation
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 23 Confederation in the Maritimes

    Episode 9
    From Sea to Sea
    Lesson 24 The Red River Resistance
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 25 The Pacific Scandal

    Episode 10
    Taking the West
    Lesson 26 The North-West Rebellion
    Lesson 27 The Trial of Louis Riel
    Lesson 28 Macdonald's National Dream

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