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Immigration to New France
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LESSON 6: Immigration to New France
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This lesson corresponds to material found in:
Episode 2 Adventures and Mystics yellow divider


Louis XIV wanted to turn New France into a populated colony. In 1663, he abolished the Company of One Hundred Associates and named a governor, Courcelles, and an intendant, Jean Talon, to manage the colony. To end the terror inflicted by the Iroquois, the king sent the 1,200-soldier Carignan-Salières regiment to Canada. The soldiers arrived in 1666 and, in 1667, after a few battles, a peace was forged between the Iroquois and the French that lasted 20 years.

Once peace was assured, the colony needed to expand. To encourage population growth, Louis XIV and superintendent Jean Talon established several policies to deal with immigration, marriage and the birth rate. First, officers and soldiers were strongly encouraged to establish themselves in New France after their term of service: 400 of them agreed to stay. 1,000 young women, mostly orphans from the Paris region and nicknamed 'les filles du roi,' were sent to the colony. They soon married and the birth rate increased dramatically. Finally, enlisted men were sent to New France on a three-year residence contract. After 36 months of service, they had the right to return to France if they so desired, less than half actually did so.

From 1666 to 1672, the population of New France rose from 3,215 to 6,700 inhabitants. But war loomed again in Europe, and no new colonists could be sent from France. The first wave of organized immigration lasted barely seven years. There wouldn't be another for 80 years to come.

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    Episode 1
    When the World Began...
    Lesson 1 Canada's First Peoples
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 2 Stories of Creation
    Lesson 3 Cartier and Donnacona

    Episode 2
    Adventures and Mystics
    Lesson 4 The Beginning of the Fur Trade
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 5 The Jesuits and the Huron
    Lesson 6 Immigration to New France

    Episode 3
    Claiming the Wilderness
    Lesson 7 Expansion to the Gulf of Mexico
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 8 The Expulsion of the Acadians

    Episode 4
    Battle for a Continent
    Lesson 9 Before the Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 10 The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 11 The Quebec Act
    (includes activity)

    Episode 5
    A Question of Loyalties
    Lesson 12 Conflict in Quebec, 1775
    Lesson 13 United Empire Loyalists
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 14 Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh

    Episode 6
    The Pathfinders
    Lesson 15 The Fur Trade in Canada
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 16 The Selkirk Settlers
    Lesson 17 The Gold Rush

    Episode 7
    Rebellion and Reform
    Lesson 18 The Rebellions of 1837
    Lesson 19 Union of the Canadas
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 20 A Land of Hope

    Episode 8
    The Great Enterprise
    Lesson 21 Newcomers to Canada
    Lesson 22 The Making of Confederation
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 23 Confederation in the Maritimes

    Episode 9
    From Sea to Sea
    Lesson 24 The Red River Resistance
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 25 The Pacific Scandal

    Episode 10
    Taking the West
    Lesson 26 The North-West Rebellion
    Lesson 27 The Trial of Louis Riel
    Lesson 28 Macdonald's National Dream

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