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Stories of Creation
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LESSON 2: Stories of Creation

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This lesson corresponds to material found in:
Episode 1 When the World Began...

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Backgrounder

The first people to live in what is now Canada were the First Nations. They can be divided into two groups: sedentary cultures that practiced agriculture, and nomadic hunter-gatherers.

The social organization of the First Nations varies from a region to region. Notions of harmony and reciprocity with nature are at the center of Native spirituality and way of life. For example, the Nootka of Vancouver Island worshipped the whale, which they relied upon for sustenance. The Plains Indians worshipped the bison, while the agricultural Huron of the St. Lawrence Valley worshipped corn.

In the absence of a system of writing, the Native Peoples had a well-developed oral history, and people would use stories, traditions, and legends to pass down to succeeding generations important moral, spiritual and political principles. Dreams hold a major place in Native spirituality. Natives feasted, smoked or fasted to foster visions. The shaman, a key figure in tribal life, supposedly had the power to communicate with spirits and interpret certain signs in nature.

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    Episode 1
    When the World Began...
    Lesson 1 Canada's First Peoples
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 2 Stories of Creation
    Lesson 3 Cartier and Donnacona

    Episode 2
    Adventures and Mystics
    Lesson 4 The Beginning of the Fur Trade
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 5 The Jesuits and the Huron
    Lesson 6 Immigration to New France

    Episode 3
    Claiming the Wilderness
    Lesson 7 Expansion to the Gulf of Mexico
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 8 The Expulsion of the Acadians

    Episode 4
    Battle for a Continent
    Lesson 9 Before the Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 10 The Battle of the Plains of Abraham
    Lesson 11 The Quebec Act
    (includes activity)

    Episode 5
    A Question of Loyalties
    Lesson 12 Conflict in Quebec, 1775
    Lesson 13 United Empire Loyalists
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 14 Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh

    Episode 6
    The Pathfinders
    Lesson 15 The Fur Trade in Canada
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 16 The Selkirk Settlers
    Lesson 17 The Gold Rush

    Episode 7
    Rebellion and Reform
    Lesson 18 The Rebellions of 1837
    Lesson 19 Union of the Canadas
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 20 A Land of Hope

    Episode 8
    The Great Enterprise
    Lesson 21 Newcomers to Canada
    Lesson 22 The Making of Confederation
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 23 Confederation in the Maritimes

    Episode 9
    From Sea to Sea
    Lesson 24 The Red River Resistance
    (includes activity)
    Lesson 25 The Pacific Scandal

    Episode 10
    Taking the West
    Lesson 26 The North-West Rebellion
    Lesson 27 The Trial of Louis Riel
    Lesson 28 Macdonald's National Dream

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