Carignan-Salires regiment's victory
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Carignan-Salires regiment's victory
Carignan-Salires regiment's victory
In the autumn of 1666, the Carignan-Salières regiment departed on a new expedition.
The Marquis de Salires commanded the regiment that was ordered to stop the Iroquois attacks against New France. (As portrayed by Dominique Briand in Canada: A People's History)
The Marquis de Salires commanded the regiment that was ordered to stop the Iroquois attacks against New France. (As portrayed by Dominique Briand in Canada: A People's History)
The previous winter, their mission had ended in failure. This time, 600 soldiers, 600 Canadian milita, and 100 native allies, descended towards the south, near Lake Champlain, where the Iroquois would strike.

They found five large fortified villages which had already been abandoned by the Iroquois. General Tracy, who commanded the expedition, estimated that there wasn't time to pursue them as winter was coming. He ordered his troops to set fire to the villages and grain reserves.

Back in Quebec on November 5, the troops had not killed a single Iroquois but the colony was the victor for the Iroquois no longer wanted to wage war against the French. Decimated by a small pox epidemic, those who were left signed a peace treaty that would last for twenty years.
Intimidated by a show of force by French troops and volunteers, the Iroquois agreed to sign a peace treaty. (As portrayed in Canada: A People's History)
Intimidated by a show of force by French troops and volunteers, the Iroquois agreed to sign a peace treaty. (As portrayed in Canada: A People's History)
The Iroquois Confederation would go on and it would continue to slow European expansion to the west, but they would not destroy New France as they destroyed Huronia.

Marie de L'Incarnation wrote: "There is certainly something extraordinary in this whole business, for if the Iroquois had held their ground, they would have made much trouble...but this rout has reduced them to the most desperate humiliation."

François Le Mercier, Jesuit Superior in Quebec, believed the colony was finally out of danger:

"Since the King has had the kindness to extend his care to this land, by sending the regiment of Carignan, we have witnessed great changes in Canada, and we can say that it is no longer that country of frost and horror, that people used to talk about as a disgrace, but that it is now a true New-France."

Rather than sending them back to France, Louis XIV decided to keep the soldiers of the Carignan-Salières regiment in the colony.
The captains Pierre de Sorel, Antoine Pécaudy de Contrecoeur and François Jarret de Verchères were given large estates (seigneuries) along the Richelieu river.

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The filles du roi (daughters of the king)
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The Iroquois threat
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France regains control of its colony
France regains control of its colony
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Arrival of the Carignan-Salires regiment
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The filles du roi (daughters of the king)
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Marie-Claude Chamois' story, a fille du roi
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