The Oka Crisis dominated news headlines over 25 years ago. Here's a roundup of important stories found on from then until now.

The Crisis, As It Happened

Watch one of the first CBC News reports from April 1989, as Mohawks peacefully protest plans for a golf course at Oka.

A year later, frustrated with the courts, Mohawk warriors bring in concrete blocks to set up permanent barricades.

By July, tension has mounted and the Mohawk warriors refused to take down their barricades. Listen to a CBC Radio report as weapons fire in the background.

A few days later, police officer, Marcel Lemay is shot and killed as Quebec riot police storm the barricades.

Hopes for a quick settlement shatter as negotiations between the government and the Mohawks break down and native people across Canada and the US hold rallies in support.

Six weeks later, tensions are high as 2,500 soldiers descend and the Mohawks prepare for the worst.

A week later, the crisis is over. Watch as warriors put down their weapons and spring out of the woods.

The key events of the summer of 1990 are summarized in an interactive timeline with photos and videos.

Remembering Oka

A year later, Oka mayor Jean Ouellette talks to As It Happens about healing in the community and defends his actions to call in the Quebec police. 

"There's always going to be bitterness." Ten year later, The National's Magazine remembers the legacy of Oka and visits communities who were scarred by the crisis.

Personal Reflections, 25 Years Later
Waneek Horn-Miller and her little sister on the last day of the Oka Crisis.Waneek Horn-Miller holds on to her 4-year-old sister as chaos breaks out. (Ryan Remiorz/Canadian Press)

CBC's Unreserved goes behind the lines and looks at the seige 25 years later and how it has affected Indigenous Canadians since. 

Listen to a firsthand account from the Horn sisters as they recall the last day of the crisis, and the violent incident that resulted in 14 year-old Waneek being stabbed in the chest by a soldier's bayonet. "I handed my little sister to her and I looked down. I felt like my chest hurt and I looked down and I had blood all over the front my shirt and I went 'oh my god.' I looked in my shirt and I had a huge gash in my chest," Horn-Miller said.

"On July 11, 1990, my world became a lot more black and white as a writer and journalist. The actions of Canada and Quebec shattered most of the illusions I'd been taught about a 'Just Society', the 'rule of law', and 'honour of the Crown.' Mohawk journalist Dan David reflects on his time during the Oka summer as he takes a group of friends on a tour of the Pines and the place where his grandparents are buried.

CBC's Loreen Pindera covered the standoff at Oka and later wrote a book, People of the Pines: The Warriors and Legacy of Oka. Daybreak spoke with her about her perspective on the event 25 years later and she explains that the crisis had roots going back over 300 years. 

Even Stompin Tom Conners penned a song, Ballad of Oka, about the crisis. 

CBC Unreserved took some of the most iconic photos from Oka to create this concise infographic and learn more about the iconic image used on The Oka Legacy over page.

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