Writer, playwright and Métis advocate Maria Campbell's autobiography was published in 1983.

Maria Campbell

(McClelland & Stewart)

For Maria Campbell, a Métis ("Halfbreed") in Canada, the brutal realities of poverty, pain and degradation intruded early and followed her every step. Her story is a harsh one, but it is told without bitterness or self-pity. It is a story that begins in 1940 in northern Saskatchewan and moves across Canada's West, where Maria roamed in the rootless existence of day-to-day jobs, drug addiction and alcoholism. Her path strayed ever near hospital doors and prison walls.

It was Cheechum, her Cree great-grandmother, whose indomitable spirit sustained Maria Campbell through her most desperate times. Cheechum's stubborn dignity eventually led the author to take pride in her Métis heritage and Cheechum's image inspired her in her drive for her own life, dignity and purpose. (From Goodread Biography)

From the book

I write this for all of you, to tell you what it is like to be a Halfbreed woman in our country. I want to tell you about the joys and sorrows, the oppressing poverty, the frustration and the dreams... I am not bitter. I have passed that stage. I only want to say: this is what it was like, this is what it is still like.

From Half-Breed by Maria Campbell ©1982. Published by University of Nebraska Press.

Author interview

Maria Campbell is an esteemed writer, playwright and advocate for Métis people. She was named to the order of Canada for her contributions to Canadian Literature in 2008. The Morning Edition's Sheila Coles speaks with Maria Campbell about her well-known book Halfbreed.

More about this book

Singer-songwriter Nick Ferrio on why Maria Campbell's 1973 memoir about growing up Metis is still relevant today.