When a Canadian brought McDonald's fast food to Moscow

On Jan. 31, 1990, George Cohon got out the gigantic scissors and cut the ribbon to open the first-ever McDonald's restaurant in Moscow.

The lineups were long when George Cohon opened Moscow's first McDonald's in 1990

George Cohon, fast food and Moscow

33 years ago
Duration 1:47
The McDonald's Canada founder cut the ribbon at what was to become the first of many of the fast-food restaurants in the Soviet country.

Perhaps Russia's beloved poet Alexander Pushkin would have been puzzled. Under the gaze of the statue of the famed Russian writer, the lights were turned on under the golden arches, the symbol for many of fast food in North America. 

On Jan. 31, 1990, Muscovites had begun lining up near Pushkin Square as early as 4 a.m. — to enter the doors of the first McDonald's restaurant to open in the Soviet Union. 

It was, as CBC News anchor Peter Mansbridge announced, "an event of major gastronomic proportions" — the culmination of 14 years of work and an investment of $50 million.

At the opening of what reporter Don Murray surmised might have been the "the world's largest hamburger stand," McDonald's Canada founder George Cohon used appropriately gigantic scissors to cut the ribbon on a truly gigantic restaurant opening.

'Unusual and delicious'

Hundreds of customers lined Moscow's Pushkin Square, hungry for the first taste of McDonald's to come to the Soviet Union. (Alexander Zemlianichenko/AP)

Inside, customers lined up again for Big Macs, fries and shakes on opening day. The reviews were mixed. One man felt the food itself was wanting, while some wanted more.

"It's very beautiful," said one man. "But I expected more, I think."

One woman, speaking in Russian, confessed to not knowing what it was she ate. 

But she did pronounce it "unusual and delicious," adding that "we need more of these places, there's nothing in our stores or restaurants."

It was standing-room only for some customers, who hunkered down and dug in when McDonald's opened in Moscow in 1990. (CBC Archives/The National)

The restaurant, which was expected to be able to serve 15,000 meals a day, was not the only business to open under the McDonald's investment.

Outside the city, some of the $50 million spent by the food giant went to build a processing plant dedicated to turning out 14,000 buns per hour, and where 3,000 tons of potatoes per day became fries and 10,000 patties per hour were made and frozen.

'They're ripping us off'

Customers in the new Moscow McDonald's were in for some surprises

33 years ago
Duration 1:35
There were more surprises for first-time McDonald's customers at the 1990 opening.

But the revelation of the cost of a meal under the arches was not a happy one for some. At the price of half a day's average wages, the cost of trying out this new style of food was steep.

"Seven or eight rubles for lunch," said one man outside the restaurant. "They're ripping us off."

The smiles, however, were free and plentiful and a happy surprise for some customers. 

As one waitress described it: "I smile to everybody, and they say what's wrong, what's wrong? ... They think that I'm laughing at them."

The unequivocal success of the first day of his new venture brought out the poet in Cohon, who supposed that Pushkin might have written a poem praising the availability of "meat, bread, potatoes, and milk — of the highest quality." 

At the end of the day, 30,000 new customers had passed through the doors, and the store had set a McDonald's record for most customers served on an opening day.

The restaurant, along with all of McDonald's locations in Russia, closed in March 2022. According to the Reuters news agency, the company pulled out of the country in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

The statue of the poet Pushkin looks down on the golden arches, Jan. 31, 1990 (CBC Archives/The National)

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