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The end of apartheid

The Story

South Africa's era as an international pariah is over. Tonight, Canada and other nations lift most of the remaining sanctions against South Africa, and welcome it back into the international community. They do so at the behest of Nelson Mandela and President F.W. de Klerk, who ask world leaders to recognize the progress South Africa has made on its journey towards multiracial democracy. And they're seeking funds to pave the way, so the world can avoid "another Somalia, another Bosnia."

Medium: Television
Program: Prime Time News
Broadcast Date: Sept. 24, 1993
Guests: Perrin Beatty, F.W. de Klerk, Nelson Mandela
Host: Brian Stewart, Pamela Wallin
Reporter: David Halton
Duration: 3:08

Did You know?

• Soon after the release of Nelson Mandela, the South African government lifted its state of emergency and began repealing its racially-based land and population registration acts. In September 1991 President F.W. de Klerk outlined radical reforms that would lead to racial equality and all-race elections. His proposals were overwhelmingly endorsed by whites in a 1992 referendum. In 1993 the ANC and the government agreed on a partnership "government of national unity."

• Many international sanctions were lifted beginning in 1991. Canada lifted "people-to-people" sanctions (bans on visas and tourism, plus cultural and scientific boycotts) in 1991, and sanctions on strategic goods (computers, aircraft, etc.) in 1992. In 1993 Canada extended its General Preferential Tariff to South Africa; only oil and arms remained embargoed.

• Violence remained a serious problem in South Africa leading up to the 1994 elections, both between whites and blacks, and between competing black organizations and tribes.


Canada and the Fight Against Apartheid more