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Japanese Canadians start over in Ontario

The Story

Muriel Kitagawa and Hide Shimizu describe their experience of the evacuation and resettlement in this CBC Radio interview. They discuss their property loss, their anticipation of prejudice in Toronto, and the prevailing sense of urgency. Kitagawa describes the everlasting impact of being branded an enemy alien. "It's a scar that you carry around with you forever," she says resolutely.

Medium: Radio
Program: This Country in the Morning
Broadcast Date: Nov. 7, 1973
Guests: Muriel Kitagawa, Hide Shimizu
Host: Peter Gzowski
Duration: 18:49
Photo: National Archives - C046355

Did You know?

• In the resettlement, Japanese Canadians settled in Ontario and Alberta. The majority of the evacuees elected to move to Toronto and future generations dispersed throughout the province.
• As of April 1, 1949, all restrictions were removed. Japanese Canadians were free to live anywhere in the country.

• Muriel Kitagawa was a writer for the Japanese newspaper, the New Canadian, before the war. She published This Is My Own: Letters to Wes and Other Writings on Japanese Canadians, 1941-1948, in 1985.
• Hide Shimizu was made a member of the Order of Canada in 1982 for her efforts in organizing education in the internment camps. Shimizu set up schools and supervised teacher training. She passed away on Aug. 22, 1999.

• During the 1970s, the Japanese community began to discuss the subject of redress. The movement began to gather steam in 1976, while celebrating the 100th anniversary of the arrival of the first Japanese Canadian immigrant.


Relocation to Redress: The Internment of the Japanese Canadians more