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Apology and amends at last for Duplessis Orphans

The Story

Quebec Premier Bernard Landry has extended a "fault-free" offer of compensation to the Duplessis Orphans. "It was the acceptance by our society of a sombre episode in our history," Landry said before a news conference. Each person will receive a $10,000 lump sum and $1,000 for every year spent in an asylum, which translates into roughly $25,000 per person. The orphans had been hoping for a larger settlement but choose to accept the offer, as shown in this CBC Television News clip. 

Medium: Television
Program: Canada Now
Broadcast Date: July 3, 2001
Guest(s): Bernard Landry, Bruno Roy
Reporter: Michel Godbout
Duration: 1:58

Did You know?

• When presented with Landry's offer, the Duplessis Orphans proposed a counter-offer of an average settlement of $50,000 per person. The government refused this request.
• The Orphans also had to agree to drop any further legal continuations against the church as part of the package. Approximately 1500 of the Orphans qualified for compensation.

• "[The Duplessis Orphans] accepted the offer unanimously but with a very clear message, that even if this offer is insufficient, they are accepting it because they are reaching the ends of their lives." -- Bruno Roy in the Toronto Star, July 1, 2001

• Many of the Duplessis Orphans were excluded from the settlement. Only those who had been improperly diagnosed as mentally deficient were included in the offer.
• Gazette editorial writer Janet Bagnall criticized Landry's offer, arguing that the average Canadian criminal court award for sexual abuse was $250,000.

• Bagnall also took issue with Landry's narrow definition of who should receive compensation. "Sexually abused as a child in a religious institution? That doesn't count. Physically abused? No again. Exploited and denied an education while living in a religious institution wasn't enough, either, according to the government. The only people entitled to compensation were those who were wrongly labeled mentally deficient," Bagnall wrote in her Gazette editorial on Aug. 23, 2001.

• As of 2005, neither the Catholic Church nor the Quebec College of Physicians has acknowledged wrongdoing regarding the Duplessis Orphans' accusations.


The Duplessis Orphans more