Alberta separatism was a thing in the early 1980s

Fed up with the federal government, some Albertans wanted out.

Western Canada Concept party even elected an MLA in 1982

Alienated Albertans anticipate separation by making provincial passports

Digital Archives

41 years ago
It's not a separate country yet, but two Albertans are ready for when it happens. 0:19

Fed up with the federal government in 1980, some Albertans wanted out.

Pierre Trudeau's Liberals had taken back power from Joe Clark's Progressive Conservatives, and many in the province were "mad as hell."

It might have been "only slightly ahead of its time," but in November 1980, The National reported on an initiative by two Edmonton businessmen to sell a "state of Alberta" passport.

"They're printed in English and Ukrainian, cost two dollars and 50 cents, and orders are brisk," said host Knowlton Nash over an image of a newspaper ad for the novelty document.

No joke to NDP leader    

Alberta NDP leader combats separatist sentiment

Digital Archives

40 years ago
Grant Notley goes on a talking tour in 1980 to urge Albertans to stick with Canada. 2:06

The spectre of Alberta separatism was serious enough for the province's NDP Leader Grant Notley — father of Rachel Notley, present NDP leader and Alberta's premier from 2015 to 2019 — that he went on the road to fight it.

NDP leader Grant Notley went on a talking tour of the province in 1980 to convince Albertans of the benefits of the federal system. (The National/CBC Archives)

In December 1980, he travelled the province to convince Albertans of the benefits of national unity.

"We've got some pretty powerful people who are now jumping on the separatist bandwagon, and somebody has to state the case for Canada,"  he said.

At each stop, Notley met with local newspaper reporters and was a guest on open-line radio programs.

In Fort McMurray, Alta., he had to defend a federal budget that included revenues derived from Alberta oil via the National Energy Program. 

"The province of Alberta will still be getting the lion's share," he reminded listeners. "Is 24 per cent too much to share with other Canadians?"

Reporter Don Newman said Notley wasn't optimistic he'd have much effect, though.

"He worries ... more and more Albertans are going to consider separatism a viable option," he summed up.

He was right

Western separatism rears its head in Alberta

Provincial and Territorial Politics

39 years ago
A candidate for the Western Canada Concept challenges the reigning Progressive Conservatives in a 1982 byelection race. 2:33

Fourteen months later, Notley's worries were borne out by a newcomer named Gordon Kesler.

In the riding of Olds-Didsbury, the candidate for the Western Canada Concept party was posing a real challenge to the more established parties in a provincial byelection race.

A Western Canada Concept bumper sticker expresses a common sentiment towards the federal government in 1982. (The Journal/CBC Archives)

"Mr. Kesler is not riding as hard against his opponents in this byelection as he is against Ottawa and Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau," said reporter Hugh Winsor.

"Metrification, bilingualism ... when they destroyed the flag of the country," said Kesler, reeling off his grievances with Trudeau and the federal Liberals. "There's no end to what he's done to this country."

An even stronger argument for separation, said Kesler, was the new Constitution about to be adopted in Canada.

"The Constitution just wiped out your right to own property," he told a receptive crowd. "Some socialist is going to come to you and say, 'Oh no, that's not right.'"

Paranoia was real

"The facts might be questionable, but the paranoia is genuine," said Winsor, before an assortment of audience members told him why they were in support of Kesler's ideas.

"I think if enough people hear him, he stands an excellent, excellent chance," said one man. 

Kesler won the byelection, but lost in a general provincial election later in 1982 after switching the seat he was running in.